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Paraffin and Soy Wax Properties

by Chandler 28. October 2011 10:05

Enjoy this beginner's guide to difference between paraffin and soy wax properties.

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Categories: Candle Making (General)


Wick Centering Tools

by Chandler 27. October 2011 00:05

In candle making, there are many terms which end up being common terms: fragrance load, topping off, pre-wick assemblies, fragrance retention and many others. Ironically there is one term that never seems to be used but you could argue is ONE of the most important in terms of maximizing the performance of your candle. Even after identifying the term, further explanation is necessary to identify why it is important.

Center, is a very common term in sports, social and every walk of life and candle making is no exception. Seems like these days no article is complete without its Google reference therefore we include that if you "Google" the term "center", there are over 1 billion results and my guess is that you would have to look very long and hard to see any purposeful references to candles. 

However, all these facts do not minimize how extremely important it is. No matter what type of candle you are making, the performance will hinge on the wick being centered and straight.  You can go to painstaking lengths to ensure you have the proper wick for your application but if the wick is not centered and straight it will not perform optimally. Pretty tough to imagine that an item other than a raw material of the candle could have such an impact. 

Glue Dots and Bowtie Clips

The good news is the candle market has responded to this very important feature by having the tools when used properly can take this potential issue out of the process. With containers there are two (2) very important tools to assist with task. For centering on containers, it is important the wick is secure and centered at the bottom of the container and the glue dots are perfect for ensuring this is accomplished. At roughly 2.1 cents a piece it is well worth the investment.

Equally important is to have the wick centered at the top of the container. The bow tie clip is the perfect choice for most glassware. The clip can adjust to many different glass openings. If you are using two wicks, it will help space the wicks equally apart from one another. When you slide the wick over into the smaller hole it will help keep the wick in place.

Hover securing on top can also be simply done by taking a popsicle stick and drilling a hole for the wick to slide into.  It really does not matter which method you use just make sure the wick is centered.

Votive Pins

Moving onto votives, it is easy to keep the wick centered top to bottom with a votive pin. The votive pin can be dropped into the votive cup you pour your wax, top off and then remove the candle and pull the pin out. A pre-wick assembly can then be threaded up through the wick hole. Using the pins allows you to use almost any type of wicking material and still keep the wick straight in the candle.

Pillar Pins

With pillars made in the the round aluminum mold, the pillar pin are the clear choice to ensuring the wick is straight and centered. To use this item you slide the pin from the outside of the round pillar mold and then pour your pillar as normal. In addition to the pin helping with leaking it can also be guaranteed to keep the wick centered. The only drawback to the pins is they are only effective with the round aluminum molds.  

While it may not seem like a big issue, it is imperative the wick is centered and straight to ensure the wick perform at its best.  An off centered wick in a container can leave wax on a portion of the jar, can cause the glass to get hot at a small concentrated area and cause the candle to burn uneven causing it to smoke and soot.  With a pillar an off-centered wick can cause the side of the pillar to have blow out and run down the sides of the pillar. 

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Categories: Candle Making (General)


How to Make a Beeswax Candle

by Chandler 21. October 2011 23:25

Beeswax candles are simple, enjoyable, and a great candle for beginners. Enjoy the video.

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Categories: Candle Making How To's


Determine the Right Fragrance Load

by Chandler 15. October 2011 01:46

Candle makers learn quickly that people purchase their candles because of the fragrance it delivers. However creating a balance on correct fragrance load (a.k.a scent load) and still selling the candle at a competitive level can be a very tough subject and one that everyone has varying opinions on.Fragrance load is the percentage of fragrance added to the wax

Adding more scent than you need is not always the answer and will be costly and may not be necessary. Fragrances do have what is commonly referred to as the point of diminishing returns; you are adding more fragrance, but it does not result in a better product.

For many candle makers, the tendency is to add more fragrance because you think there is not enough. The best thing to do is test your different formulas with friends and neighbors. Be sure to evaluate the fragrance in a location other than where you pour the candles. Fragrances can easily take over the room when you pour your candles. When you then try to smell them, your ability to sufficiently evaluate can be compromised. Also, it is very difficult for you to judge your own finished product.  

When smelling a fragrance for too long, your senses become dull and you become accustomed to smelling the fragrance at stronger doses. While it can be hard to let other people help you determine if your candle smells strong enough, it is critical to finding the right fragrance load.

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Categories: Candle Busines


Creative Uses for Extra Candle Wax

by Chandler 7. October 2011 23:51

With the current price of wax, it is important that you reduce all waste and use your extra wax no matter how small the quantity.  Some creative uses include decorative floater candles, tea lights, and tart candles.

Decorative Floaters

Candlewic offers an extensive line of floaters that include some exciting shapes such as hearts, fish, maple leaf, star and sun. The same could be as above where they can be made with a wick or even as a decorative piece.

Hint: Many companies will use this as a unique shape to show potential customers how their fragrances will smell in the wax.

Tarts

Tarts are always a favorite of candle buyers.  It is a great way to test a fragrance from your company and with all of the new styles of tart warmers it is great way to use your excess wax.

Tea Lights

One of the growing trends in candles is the scented tea lights. With the advent of the plastic tea light cup the tea light has become very popular to scent and color. Tea light cups are also available in metal.

The first way to make a tea light would be to take the wax and carefully pour directly into the tea light cup, insert the wick and it should be ready to ship within minutes. The nice thing about pouring into the cup you can pour at any temperature.

The other way to pour tea lights is to purchase the mini Tea Light Mat (M-58) which will make 15 tea lights at a time. You simply pour the wax onto the mat and the wax will fill into each of the cavities. Each cavity has a pin and when the candle is completely set up pull each of the pins and the candles should release from the mold. Simply insert a prewick assembly through the candle and slide it into the tea light cup.

When using the plastic tea light cups, it is imperative that you test burn your wicks to ensure they are not too large. Only cotton core wicks should be used with plastic tea light cup.

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Categories: Candle Making Projects & Crafts


About the author

Hi I'm Chandler. Thanks for visiting! Illumine is all about helpful projects, ideas, and articles related to candle and soap making and the candle and soap making business.

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The Candlewic Company

Supplies the candle making industry with candle making kits, molds and accessories including candle wax, gel, and wicks.

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