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The En-Light-ener
Candle Making Newsletter
 
 

Keeping Up With the Times

It's hard to believe that it was 12 years ago, in February of 2001, that we published our first issue of the Enlightener. Over this time we have covered many different topics, from producing candles to selling candles to growing your candle business. What we always find truly amazing is that while the world around us changes, especially in technology, the basic way candles are made remains unchanged. In the world of technology on January 9, 2001, Apple announced iTunes at the Macworld Expo in San Francisco, for organizing and playing digital music and videos. Then on October 23 of the same year, Apple launches the iPod. (Source Historyorb.com) Think about where the iPod, iPad and iPhone are today.

The good thing for our industry is that while change occurs, it is very mild and allows candle companies to continue to thrive without huge investments to keep up with current trends. Our first issue of the Enlightener highlighted granulated wax, which is still very popular today, and how to use whipped wax, which is also still used for making a variety of candles. The key in this industry, however, is to continue to improve the candle making process and always look for new and innovative ways to sell your candles.

One of the more recent innovations that became extremely popular was the gel candle. Many companies were creating very unique candles with this product, none more popular than the "Fruit Preserve", where a jelly jar is filled with wax fruit inserts and then filled with gel. The champagne glass, beer mug and other drinks were also very popular candle creations.

This unique product, as previously defined by Penreco and now Calumet, is:

A specially selected, processed mineral oil that is gelled with copolymers that give them a clear rubbery texture. Similar to traditional wax candles, clear gel candles are commonly produced from a hydrocarbon base stock.

In some respects gel can be easier to learn with than most candle applications. However, it is very important when making any type of candle, whether paraffin, gel or natural wax, that all safety requirements are followed.

The selection of the proper gel is limited to three different densities. The determination of the proper gel for your application will be dependent upon the type of gel candle you will be making and how much fragrance will be used.

The low density (Candlewic's CG-1) is generally suited for gel candles with 0-3% fragrance loads. Generally, the low density can be poured at lower temperatures, ideally 195°-205°F.

The medium density (Candlewic's CG-2) is generally suited for candles with 3-5% fragrance. This density is a good gel for embedding many of the wax inserts. This particular gel is quickly becoming the most popular gel.

The high density (Candlewic's CG-3) is best suited when embedding heavier wax inserts and higher scent loads.

When making gel candles there are no additives needed, and in most instances, anything you add to the gel, including fragrance sometimes, can cloud the finished product.

Before making gel candles for resale it is important that you review all of the safety precautions for manufacturing these candles. These safety precautions include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Must use fragrances that are non-polar. (If you are not sure, check with your fragrance supplier)
  • Fragrances must have a flash point higher then 170° F
  • Proper wick selection is critical. In some instances you may want to undersize your wick. This can create a unique "glowing" effect as the candle burns. It is important to test burn wicks in all your containers.
  • A wick assembly should have a wick base that has a 9mm neck.
  • Depending upon density, do not go over the recommended percent usage for fragrance.
  • Always have burning instructions.
  • Make sure gel embeds are not flammable. (It can be surprising at times what objects are flammable.)

One of the most intriguing aspects of the gel candle is its endless ability to create new and interesting designs. The gel candle has brought a whole new level of "art" to candle making. Glass containers filled with "scenes" and other designs make this product as popular as ever.


Hi! I'm Chandler!
I can help you
learn how to make candles.

CHANDLER'S CORNER

In this issue we have raised 2 important facts related to wicks, and I feel it is important to expand on them.

Q. What is meant by the neck height on a wick assembly?

A. On each wick base there is a neck that supports the wick and holds it in place. In most instances, the neck height can run as low as 3mm to as long as 9mm. The type of candle and jar being used will determine the neck height. It has always been recommended with gel candles that the 9mm neck be used. Many candle companies have also gone to 6mm and 9mm necks for paraffin candles as well.

Q. How do I select the proper wick?

A. This is an extremely difficult question for any supplier to answer. There are numerous variables that MUST be considered. This includes, but is not limited to the type and diameter of the candle being made, the melt point of the wax, the additives used, any fragrance load and color. Candlewic can provide some general assistance, but it is important that all candle makers test their wicks to ensure that the correct wick is used for the application. One of our past issues can also help in this process.

 

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Candle Terms

In many instances, we at Candlewic eat, sleep and breathe candle making and assume everyone knows all of the terms associated with the industry. In each issue we will try to introduce some of the terms that may not always be part of the standard candle making world.

Mottling
In general this is a candle that appears to be "white washed" and/or clouded. Yankee Candle made this look very famous. Not all waxes will mottle, so for best results a wax designed to mottle should be used.

Pre-Wick Assembly
This is a complete unit of a waxed wick with the base cut to a specific height.


February 2013

Featured Project:
Layering
Natural Wax

Want to get more of your favorite fragrances out to your customers without them having to spend more money? Why not try offering them 2 or 3 in 1? This project gives you a way to layer different colors of natural wax in order to increase your offering of natural waxes. By layering different colors, you will give yourself a simple way to make your candles more marketable to selected groups. This is a great way to create fundraisers, holiday themes, or specialty candles for specific wholesale customers without the increased cost of customized labels. Simply layer the colors of your holiday, team, organization, etc. and it creates an instantly themed candle with little extra cost of materials.

Ingredients

Instructions

Step 1
Select, clean, wick, and prepare your jars or molds as you normally do. Take a moment and plan out where the fill lines are going to be. For example, a patriotic jar may use equal amounts of colored wax for uniform stripes of red, white, and blue.

Step 2
Be sure to select the appropriate wax for jars or freestanding candles. Prepare both colors of wax at the same time in order to be ready for "show time".

Step 3
Heat jars or molds when necessary and pour your first layer. Note your ambient temperature (room-temp), your pour temperature, and start the timer.

Step 4
You have some flexibility in this step. The time and temperature of the second layer of wax changes the final result. Your individual taste will decide when and how hot to pour the second color. In general, you want to wait long enough for the first layer to set up enough so the second color does not mix with the first color, but not too long that the wax pulls from the sides. If the wax pulls from the sides, the second color slips between the first color and the mold, which creates what is considered by most to look undesirable. By adjusting the second color’s temperature and timing, you can create hard or soft color transition lines. Hard means a flat, distinct line of color change and soft means a softer faded color change. The ambient temperature and size of your candle affects the timing. Smaller candles will take less time (half an hour) while larger candles may take as long as 2 hours between pours. Cooler ambient temperatures decrease time, while warmer temperatures increase times.

Step 5
Repeat the same time and temperature for the rest of the colors so all color seams are uniform. As you take notes and get more experience, the timing and temperature starts to become second nature. You can even learn to mix hard color changes and soft color changes on the same candle for a unique look that will surely dazzle your customers.

 

 


We hope you enjoyed this issue of the En-Light-ener.
Thank you for your continued interest and support.
Our goal is to make this newsletter as entertaining and educational as possible.
Let us know if you have any ideas on how we can improve.

Candlewic Company
3765 Old Easton Road
Doylestown, Pennsylvania 18901
800-368-3352

 

Issue Index

March 2014 -- Pick a Wick and more...

February 2014 -- Soy-lutions and more...

January 2014 -- Jump Starting and more...

December 2013 -- A Year-End Thank YOU! and more...

November 2013 -- Choosing the Right Wax and more...

October 2013 -- Holiday Season Checklist and more...

September 2013 -- Choosing the Right Wax and more...

August 2013 -- Sunscreen For Your Candles and more...

June 2013 -- Tools of the Trade and more...

April 2013 -- Spring Is In The Air and more...

March 2013 -- To Be or Not to Be and more...

February 2013 -- Keeping Up With the Times and more...

January 2013 -- A New Year of Candle Making and more...

December 2012 -- The Twelve Tips of Candle Making and more...

November 2012 -- Managing Shipping Options, Luminary Candles and more...

October 2012 -- Resources for Candle Makers, Snowball Candles and more...

September 2012 -- Paraffin wax - Not Your Cup of Tea, One-Pour Tins and more...

August 2012 -- Choosing the Right Wax, Aluminum Molds and more...

July 2012 -- Candle Making Kits, Palm Wax Candles and more...

June 2012 -- Starting Your Own Candle Business, Grubby Candles and more...

May 2012 -- Three Step Guide to Show Success, Candle making Without Melting and more...

April 2012 -- With Every Season, a Change in Process and more...

March 2012 -- The Whole Ball of Wax and more...

February 2012 -- Choosing the Right Color and more...

January 2012 -- Time for Your Yearly Checkup - Candle Business Style and more...

December 2011 -- The Twelve Tips of Candle Making, and more...

November 2011 -- Our Candle Making Wish List, Holiday Luminaries, and more...

October 2011 -- Overlooked But Definitely Not Overrated, Making votives with votive pins, and more...

September 2011 -- Time to Light a Fire for Your Business, What to do with extra candle wax, and more...

August 2011 -- All About Candle Additives, Ice Candle Project, and more...

July 2011 -- Create Unique and Trendy Candles, Taper Candles Using Polyurethane Molds, and more...

June 2011 -- Use Summertime To Improve Your Candle Making Business, Floral Pillar Candles Project, and more...

May 2011 -- Getting Your Candle Making Business Online, About Aluminum Molds, and more...

April 2011 -- Choosing the Right Soy Wax, Making Scented Votives and Floaters, and more...

March 2011 -- 5 Valuable Tips for Starting a Candle Making Business, Making Dipped Tapers, and more...

February 2011 -- Advice on Selecting Candle Wicks, Add That Finishing Touch, and more...

January 2011 -- First Impression Is Everything in Selling Candles, One-Pour Tins, and more...

December 2010 -- The Twelve Tips of Candle Making and more...

November 2010 -- Wish List for Candle Making, How to Make Grubby Candles, and more...

October 2010 -- Getting to the Next Level, Making Mottled Candles, and more...

September 2010 -- Five Tips to Make Customers Fall In Love With Your Candles, Veggie Dip Candles, and more...

August 2010 -- Back to Candle Making, Summer Sand Candles

July 2010 -- Are You Selecting the Right Wax?, Beeswax Pillar Candles, and more...

June 2010 -- 5 Free (or low cost) Business Growth Candle Making Business Resources, Vegetable Wax Candles, and more...

May 2010 -- Create Your White Castle Opportunity, No Melting Required Candle Project, and more...

April 2010 -- How To Reduce, Reuse and Recycle When Making Candles, What To Do With Extra Candle Wax, and more...

March 2010 -- Why Color Is Important, Making Streak Candles Project, and more...

February 2010 -- Pillar Candles - What's Old Is New, Making Palm Wax Candles, and more...

January 2010 -- New Year, New Decade and New Candle Making Tactics, Textured Candle Project, and more...

December 2009 -- 12 Tips of Candle Making, and more...

November 2009 -- Tom Turkey on Candle Making, Candle Kits vs Buying Indidual Supplies, and more...

October 2009 -- Taking the Scary out of Candle Making, Snowball Candle Project, and more...

September 2009 -- 4 Quick Tips to Improve Your Candle Line, Layered Candle Project, and more...

August 2009 -- Is Big Always Better?, Cookie Cutter Candle Making Project, and more...

July 2009 -- How to Set Candle Prices, All Natural Beeswax Garden Flare Candle Making Project, and more...

June 2009 -- 5 Tips for Avoiding Margin Drain, Tri-Color Candle Making Project, and more...

May 2009 -- How To Select a Candle Wick, Chunk Candle Making Project, and more...

April 2009 -- Candle Making Ideas for Summer, Candle Making Projects, and more...

March 2009 -- Mold Techniques in Candle Making, A Simple Candle Project, and more...

February 2009 -- Setting the Right Mood Year Round, Tealight Candle Project, and more...

January 2009 -- Reacquainting Yourself with Candle Making Waxes, Tri-Color Candle Project, and more...

December 2008 -- 12 Days of the Candle Making Business, Candle Making Projects, and more...

November 2008 -- Candle Making Business Cliches, Miracle Molding Material Projects, and more...

October 2008 -- Candle Making Terms Explained, How To Make Mottling Candles, and more...

September 2008 -- Adding on to Your Candle Lines, How To Make Candle Luminaries, and more...

August 2008 -- Candles & Their Fragrances, How To Make Pillar Candles, and more...

July 2008 -- Sunscreen For Your Candles, How To Make Dipped Tapers, and more...

June 2008 -- Fall Candle Season Starts Now, Extraordinary Candle Making Project, and more...

May 2008 -- Green Candle Making, Green Candle Projects, and more...

April 2008 -- Recent Candle Industry Price Increases, Aluminum Mold Candle Project, and more...

March 2008 -- Straight Wax, Exciting New Candle Making Products, and more...

February 2008 -- Business Side of Candle Making, Ice Candle Project, and more...

January 2008 -- Basics of Blended Wax Candles, Rose Floater Candle Project, and more...

December 2007 -- 12 Days of Business, 2007 Candle Making Projects, and more...

November 2007 -- Show Time for Candle Making, Making Snow Candles, and more...

October 2007 -- Ready, Set, GO candle making, Candle Luminaries, and more...

September 2007 -- GREENING Your Product Line and Your Bottom Line…, One-Pour Candle Tins, and more...

August 2007 -- Candle Making's Center of Focus, Making Streak Candles, and more...

July 2007 -- The Latest in Candle Making Products, Votive Candle Project, and more...

June 2007 -- Setting Your Candles' Sale Price, Summer Candle Projects, and more...

May 2007 -- Determining Your Candle Making Costs, Using Extra Candle Wax, and more...

April 2007 -- Natural Wax Buzz Part 2, Layered natural candles, and more...

March 2007--Crucial details of candle making, Candle projects with no melting required, and more...

February 2007--How to choose a candle making mold, Making custom candle molds, and more...

January 2007--"Green" Candle Making, tri-color jar candle project, and more...

December 2006--Looking into the candle making future, 2006 candle projects, and more...

November 2006--Introducing...a candle making introduction, candle projects, and more...

October 2006--Prime time: candle wicks, taper candle projects, and more...

September 2006--Clearly still here:Gel candle making, one-pour tins, and more...

August 2006--Fragrance - the driving force of candle making, a new contest, and more...

July 2006--Planning your production, using granulated wax, and more...

June 2006--Our 35th Year, using aluminum candle molds, how much candle fragrance to use, and more...

May 2006--Summertime candle making, making natural lemon candles and more...

April 2006--Choose the candle wick, making tealight candles and more...

March 2006--Choose the right wick base, blending soy wax with paraffin, making palm wax candles and more...

February 2006--The roll of wax additives in a blended wax world, UV additives, making grubby candles and more...

January 2006--The secrets of soy wax candles, more ways to use candles, making soy wax container candles and more...

December 2005--Planning for the new year, announcing our new home, secrets about wicks, and more...

November 2005--Holiday candle making, ideas to sell more candles, making luminaries and more...

October 2005--Temperture issues when making candles, how to start making candles and more...

September 2005--Choose the right candle mold, ASTM safety standards, and more...

August 2005--Color and Fragrance trends, choosing the right candle making tools, and more...

July 2005--Planning for efficient production, Marketing your Candles, Making Swirl Candles, and more...

June 2005--New market trends in candle shapes and textures, Making Textured Candles, and more...

May 2005--The trends and science of candle fragrances, Making Mottled Candles, and more...

April 2005--How to select the proper candle wick, Top Colors, Making "Earthy" Chunk Candles, and more...

March 2005--Selecting the right wax Part III, Our Top Waxes, Making Floral Candles, Our History and more...

February 2005--Selecting the right wax Part II, Our Top Fragrances, Making Fruit Candles and more...

January 2005--Selecting the right wax, Using blended wax, Coloring wax, Making Layered Jar Candles and more...

December 2004--All about candle making fragrances, Making Grubby Candles and more...

November 2004--Choosing Color for your candle making, Making snowball candles and more...

October 2004--Candle Making Busy Season, Making Palm Wax Candles, Speeding Up Candle Production and more...

September 2004--Candle Wax Melters, Making Sense of your Candle Scents, Making Taper Candles and more...

August 2004--Getting Ready For The Season, Using Votive Pins To Make Votive Candles, No Melt Candle Making and more...

July 2004--Some History & What's New, Paraffin Myths, Making Golf Ball Candles and more...

June 2004--Choosing the Right Candle Wax for Your Needs, Making One-Pour Tins and more...

May 2004--Investigating New Products, Burn Testing, Making Freestanding Gel Pillars & Novelties and more...

April 2004--Candle Making Trends, Rolled Candles with Beeswax Sheets, Making Taper Candles and more...

March 2004--Color Theory & Techniques, Floating Candle Molds, Making Tealight Candles and more...

February 2004--Mold Techniques, Computers and Candlemaking, Making Easter Egg Chunk Candles and more...

January 2004--Marketing Natural Wax and Paraffin Candles, Layering Natural Wax Candles and more...

December 2003--Holiday Greetings, 2003 Year in Review, The 6 P's, Making Icicle Candles and more...

November 2003--Building Your Candle Product Line, Making Holiday Ornaments & Soap-on-a-Wick and more...

October 2003--Marketing Your Candles, Polyurethane Molds, Making Lemon Candles, and more...

September 2003--Packaging & Labeling, Essential Oils, Making Rolled Pillars with Beeswax Sheets, and more...

August 2003--Using Palm Wax, Increasing Your Profit Margins, Using Aluminum Molds, and more...

July 2003--Ultra Violet Light Absorbers, Reducing Shipping Costs, Dipping Techniques, and more...

June 2003--Choosing the Right Wick, Using a Wick Stick, Making Floater Candles, and more...

May 2003--New Products Review, Pouring Temperatures, Finishes For Your Candles, and more...

April 2003--Selecting Paraffin, Natural and “Hybrid” Waxes, Using Pillar Pins, and more...

March 2003--Selling & Marketing Candles, Making it Easier to Make Pillars, Wax Art Crystals and more...

February 2003--Pouring Temperatures, Votive Tips, Making Grubby Candles, and more...

January 2003--Candle Making Safety Tips, Instruction Labels, What To Do With Extra Wax and more...

December 2002--Polycarbonate Molds, Making Clear Snowball Candles, and more...

November 2002--Candle Making as a Second Language, The Story of Chandler, Natural F Wax, and more...

October 2002--Candle Making as a Second Language, Projects Review and more...

September 2002--Accessorizing Your Manufacturing, Making Clear Pillar Candles, and more...

July/August 2002--Making Cinnamon Roll Candles, Clear Pillar Base, New Products, and more...

May/June 2002--Back to Basics, Making F Wax Candles, and more...

April 2002--Making Streaked Candles, Wax 101 part 3: Natural Wax, and more...

March 2002--Making Crackled Candles, Wax 101 part 2: Gel Wax, and more...

February 2002--Making Easter Egg Candles, Wax 101: An Overview, and more...

January 2002 --Review of 2001, Frosty Snowman Candles, New Products, Safety Info and more...

December 2001--Botanical candles, making white candles white and more...

November 2001--Chunk candles, clearance sale!, candlemaking books and more...

October 2001--The new candle market, choosing gels, votive wicks and more...

August 2001--New products, new location , new web site and more...

July 2001--Selling & Marketing Candles (part 3), Candle Burn Times and more...

June 2001--Selling & Marketing Candles (part 2), UV Light Absorbers, Wax Additive Recommendations and more...

May 2001--Selling & Marketing Candles, Burning Instructions, Selecting Sustainer Bases and more...

April 2001--Natural Waxes, Candle Burn Times, Wax Pouring Temperatures and more...

March 2001--Making Wax Inserts, Blended vs. Non-Blended Waxes, Colors, Fragrances and more...

February 2001--Whipped Wax, Wax Art Crystal Wax, Gel Candles, Using Containers and more...

 

 

 


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The Candlewic Company

Supplies the candle making industry with candle making kits, molds and accessories including candle wax, gel, and wicks.

3765 Old Easton Road
Doylestown, Pennsylvania 18901
800-368-3352 | Local: 215-230-3601
Fax: 215-230-3606

info@candlewic.com




Official Distributors of: Penreco Candle Gels
Members: IGCA, National Candle Association



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