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The En-Light-ener
Candle Making Newsletter
 
 

On behalf of the Candlewic Company, we wish to thank everyone who has taken the time to send us their positive, kind words recently regarding our monthly newsletter. It is our goal to make these articles as informative as possible for our entire customer base.

Bill and Dave

Which Wick Fits?
We are very in tune with the concept that there are very few industries that require the level of a balance between art and science than candle making. As we all know by now candle making is a much more complex process than just melting wax, adding crayons and some scent with the final result being the perfect candle. If candle making were this easy we would have run out of topics after the first year of writing this newsletter.

In many past articles we have written about the importance of fragrance selection, color and even shape. But in reality these issues are all secondary to ensuring the proper wick is used in the candle. The proper wick is paramount to ensure safety, scent throw and general good performance of your candle. I’ll tell you upfront that this article is not going instill in you a magical formula for selecting the proper wick for your candle. But it will give you the guidelines and assistance on how to select the proper wick.

Almost every aspect of your candle is a variable in selecting the proper wick including but not limited to the wax formulation, the diameter of your candle, scent load, color and even the size of the opening of a container you may be using.

In fundamental terms the wick draws liquid wax from the candle by capillary action and up into the flame where it vaporizes. The challenge is to select the right wick to create this phenomenon without having the negative aspects such as sooting, mushrooming and wick drowning. To achieve the most efficient burn you must match the wick to YOUR wax, scent color and candle type.

The question is always, with 144 different wicks to choose from where do you begin? The starting point will depend on the type of candle you are making. Let’s start with containers since they represent the largest segment of the candles being made. Some of the most popular wicks for containers are the cored wick series which can encompass zinc, paper or cotton. These particular wicks offer rigidity for a hot pour candle process and in the case of paper and cotton are 100% natural.

The RRD series, which is a round wick, has woven in “tension threads” which helps the wick curl in order to achieve maximum combustion. When sized properly, it is a self-trimming wick. The RRD series is very versatile in that it has the necessary treatment to use in natural waxes, paraffin wax and gel candles.

Another good wick series for containers is the HTP, which is a flat braided wick with paper fibers woven into the wick. These wicks are also versatile because of the treatment and can be used with natural waxes, paraffin and gel candles.

We are not discounting the other good performing series wicks such as the CD and the LX series. The challenge is simply to find the right wick for your particular candle. The CD wick is a flat braided wick containing special paper filaments, which have been worked into the weaving process.

At Candlewic you can customize the wick to exactly what you need. Starting with the length the wick the base and even the coating. You can get exactly what you need when it comes to Pre-Wick assemblies. See our Custom Wick Builder.

When making votives many of the above series work very well with just a smaller wick size. Other considerations for Votives may include the TL series, which also is very effective for use in tea lights.

For the pillars, the square braided and flat braided are some of the most common wicks used. Both of these wicks are designed to curl in order to reduce the carbon build up during the burning cycle of the candle. The Ply wick is most often found in Tapers and the square braided is the preferred wick when making beeswax candles.

Selecting the wick may sound like a daunting task but after you start the process it does become slightly easier as you will quickly learn the importance and impact the wick can have on your candle.

As you can imagine, it is very difficult for us to cover all that you need to know about choosing the proper wick but our website, staff and even our catalog can provide you with the resources you need to help you select the proper wick. Our excellent staff is here to assist you in getting on the road to better candle making but always keep in mind you will have to test what will work best for your particular application.

CHANDLER'S CORNER

Hi! I'm Chandler!
I can help you
learn how to make candles.
Since we are on the topic of wicks I think it is important to note that selecting the right wick base is also critical when making votives and containers. There are a number of wick bases from which to choose...and a number of numbers as well. Let me explain.

The first number is the diameter of the clip, generally the 20 mm is the size of a nickel and the 15 mm is the size of a dime.

The second number is the diameter of the neck or support.

20 x 3 mm is the best selling and is very well suited for votives and containers
20 x 6 mm is the best selling for gels and some paraffin candles especially when using 2 wicks
20 x 9 mm or
15 x 9 mm
should always be used when making gel candles
33 x 3 mm is the perfect answer for the self-centering clip on votives

 

General Tips on Burning Candles
Reprinted from the NCA
Never leave a burning candle unattended.
Never burn a candle on or near anything that can catch fire.
Keep candles out of the reach of children and pets.
Trim wicks to 1/4 inch prior to each use.
Keep candles away from drafts and vents.
Always use an appropriate candleholder placed on a stable, heat-resistant surface.
Never touch or move a votive or container candle when the wax is liquid.

April 2005

PROJECT:
"Earthy" Chunk Candle

On April 22 the Country will celebrate Earth Day. Earth Day started in 1970 and marks the anniversary of the birth of the modern environmental movement. In honor of this unique day we have selected an “Earthly” spin on the chunk candle using wax from nature’s hardest workers – the honeybee.

Supplies Needed

Yellow or White Beeswax
Aluminum Mold
(Ideal 3 x 6 ½, 4 x 4 ½)
Color Block
Wick

To start, pour a pre-colored mix of either white or yellow beeswax into a baker’s tray or cookie sheet. Prior to letting the wax completely harden, take a knife and cut the sheet into square or other unique shapes. These chunks can be scented or unscented. (For a uniquely scented candle try using different types of scents in these candles.) Using different scents will allow these candles to “emit” different smells during the burning cycle.

When the chunks are completely hard remove them from the sheets and place in any type of pillar mold. Common mold sizes would include 3 x 6-1/2, 3 x 9-1/2 and 4 x 4-1/2. Once the chunks have been placed in the mold, take a pillar wax (scented or unscented) and pour over the chunks. When the candle is completely set up, remove the pillar from the mold.

For variations in the basic chunk candle, try some of the following variations:
1. Once the chunks are placed in the mold, pour your pillar wax at a higher temperature, which will cause the chunks to streak and create a unique look.
2. Try using different types of molds such as octagons, squares and other unusual shapes.
3. Try making chunk candles in a jar. For best results make the chunks out of wax with a lower melt point wax.

What makes the chunk candle so unique is the endless possibilities that can be made with the same basic concept. Some candle makers are starting to use this same concept with palm waxes for truly unique candles.

For other projects in theme with Earth Day check out these past issues:
January 2004 - Layering Container Candle
April 2004 - Rolling Beeswax – Not a better time to start rolling than now with the great sale on select sheets. Can’t find the right project? We will send you 11 free project sheets just send us your mailing address.

What's Hot?
Top Selling Color Blocks
B-4 Brown
B-16 Royal Blue
B-5 Burgundy
B-28 White
B-23 Violet
B-24 Wedgewood Blue
B-27 Ivory
B-21 Sunshine Yellow
B-19 Scarlet
B-7 Gold
B-9 Kelly Green
view all color blocks

 

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We hope you enjoyed this issue of the En-Light-ener.
Thank you for your continued interest and support.
Our goal is to make this newsletter as entertaining and educational as possible.
Let us know if you have any ideas on how we can improve.

Candlewic Company
3765 Old Easton Road
Doylestown, Pennsylvania 18901
800-368-3352



Issue Index

March 2014 -- Pick a Wick and more...

February 2014 -- Soy-lutions and more...

January 2014 -- Jump Starting and more...

December 2013 -- A Year-End Thank YOU! and more...

November 2013 -- Choosing the Right Wax and more...

October 2013 -- Holiday Season Checklist and more...

September 2013 -- Choosing the Right Wax and more...

August 2013 -- Sunscreen For Your Candles and more...

June 2013 -- Tools of the Trade and more...

April 2013 -- Spring Is In The Air and more...

March 2013 -- To Be or Not to Be and more...

February 2013 -- Keeping Up With the Times and more...

January 2013 -- A New Year of Candle Making and more...

December 2012 -- The Twelve Tips of Candle Making and more...

November 2012 -- Managing Shipping Options, Luminary Candles and more...

October 2012 -- Resources for Candle Makers, Snowball Candles and more...

September 2012 -- Paraffin wax - Not Your Cup of Tea, One-Pour Tins and more...

August 2012 -- Choosing the Right Wax, Aluminum Molds and more...

July 2012 -- Candle Making Kits, Palm Wax Candles and more...

June 2012 -- Starting Your Own Candle Business, Grubby Candles and more...

May 2012 -- Three Step Guide to Show Success, Candle making Without Melting and more...

April 2012 -- With Every Season, a Change in Process and more...

March 2012 -- The Whole Ball of Wax and more...

February 2012 -- Choosing the Right Color and more...

January 2012 -- Time for Your Yearly Checkup - Candle Business Style and more...

December 2011 -- The Twelve Tips of Candle Making, and more...

November 2011 -- Our Candle Making Wish List, Holiday Luminaries, and more...

October 2011 -- Overlooked But Definitely Not Overrated, Making votives with votive pins, and more...

September 2011 -- Time to Light a Fire for Your Business, What to do with extra candle wax, and more...

August 2011 -- All About Candle Additives, Ice Candle Project, and more...

July 2011 -- Create Unique and Trendy Candles, Taper Candles Using Polyurethane Molds, and more...

June 2011 -- Use Summertime To Improve Your Candle Making Business, Floral Pillar Candles Project, and more...

May 2011 -- Getting Your Candle Making Business Online, About Aluminum Molds, and more...

April 2011 -- Choosing the Right Soy Wax, Making Scented Votives and Floaters, and more...

March 2011 -- 5 Valuable Tips for Starting a Candle Making Business, Making Dipped Tapers, and more...

February 2011 -- Advice on Selecting Candle Wicks, Add That Finishing Touch, and more...

January 2011 -- First Impression Is Everything in Selling Candles, One-Pour Tins, and more...

December 2010 -- The Twelve Tips of Candle Making and more...

November 2010 -- Wish List for Candle Making, How to Make Grubby Candles, and more...

October 2010 -- Getting to the Next Level, Making Mottled Candles, and more...

September 2010 -- Five Tips to Make Customers Fall In Love With Your Candles, Veggie Dip Candles, and more...

August 2010 -- Back to Candle Making, Summer Sand Candles

July 2010 -- Are You Selecting the Right Wax?, Beeswax Pillar Candles, and more...

June 2010 -- 5 Free (or low cost) Business Growth Candle Making Business Resources, Vegetable Wax Candles, and more...

May 2010 -- Create Your White Castle Opportunity, No Melting Required Candle Project, and more...

April 2010 -- How To Reduce, Reuse and Recycle When Making Candles, What To Do With Extra Candle Wax, and more...

March 2010 -- Why Color Is Important, Making Streak Candles Project, and more...

February 2010 -- Pillar Candles - What's Old Is New, Making Palm Wax Candles, and more...

January 2010 -- New Year, New Decade and New Candle Making Tactics, Textured Candle Project, and more...

December 2009 -- 12 Tips of Candle Making, and more...

November 2009 -- Tom Turkey on Candle Making, Candle Kits vs Buying Indidual Supplies, and more...

October 2009 -- Taking the Scary out of Candle Making, Snowball Candle Project, and more...

September 2009 -- 4 Quick Tips to Improve Your Candle Line, Layered Candle Project, and more...

August 2009 -- Is Big Always Better?, Cookie Cutter Candle Making Project, and more...

July 2009 -- How to Set Candle Prices, All Natural Beeswax Garden Flare Candle Making Project, and more...

June 2009 -- 5 Tips for Avoiding Margin Drain, Tri-Color Candle Making Project, and more...

May 2009 -- How To Select a Candle Wick, Chunk Candle Making Project, and more...

April 2009 -- Candle Making Ideas for Summer, Candle Making Projects, and more...

March 2009 -- Mold Techniques in Candle Making, A Simple Candle Project, and more...

February 2009 -- Setting the Right Mood Year Round, Tealight Candle Project, and more...

January 2009 -- Reacquainting Yourself with Candle Making Waxes, Tri-Color Candle Project, and more...

December 2008 -- 12 Days of the Candle Making Business, Candle Making Projects, and more...

November 2008 -- Candle Making Business Cliches, Miracle Molding Material Projects, and more...

October 2008 -- Candle Making Terms Explained, How To Make Mottling Candles, and more...

September 2008 -- Adding on to Your Candle Lines, How To Make Candle Luminaries, and more...

August 2008 -- Candles & Their Fragrances, How To Make Pillar Candles, and more...

July 2008 -- Sunscreen For Your Candles, How To Make Dipped Tapers, and more...

June 2008 -- Fall Candle Season Starts Now, Extraordinary Candle Making Project, and more...

May 2008 -- Green Candle Making, Green Candle Projects, and more...

April 2008 -- Recent Candle Industry Price Increases, Aluminum Mold Candle Project, and more...

March 2008 -- Straight Wax, Exciting New Candle Making Products, and more...

February 2008 -- Business Side of Candle Making, Ice Candle Project, and more...

January 2008 -- Basics of Blended Wax Candles, Rose Floater Candle Project, and more...

December 2007 -- 12 Days of Business, 2007 Candle Making Projects, and more...

November 2007 -- Show Time for Candle Making, Making Snow Candles, and more...

October 2007 -- Ready, Set, GO candle making, Candle Luminaries, and more...

September 2007 -- GREENING Your Product Line and Your Bottom Line…, One-Pour Candle Tins, and more...

August 2007 -- Candle Making's Center of Focus, Making Streak Candles, and more...

July 2007 -- The Latest in Candle Making Products, Votive Candle Project, and more...

June 2007 -- Setting Your Candles' Sale Price, Summer Candle Projects, and more...

May 2007 -- Determining Your Candle Making Costs, Using Extra Candle Wax, and more...

April 2007 -- Natural Wax Buzz Part 2, Layered natural candles, and more...

March 2007--Crucial details of candle making, Candle projects with no melting required, and more...

February 2007--How to choose a candle making mold, Making custom candle molds, and more...

January 2007--"Green" Candle Making, tri-color jar candle project, and more...

December 2006--Looking into the candle making future, 2006 candle projects, and more...

November 2006--Introducing...a candle making introduction, candle projects, and more...

October 2006--Prime time: candle wicks, taper candle projects, and more...

September 2006--Clearly still here:Gel candle making, one-pour tins, and more...

August 2006--Fragrance - the driving force of candle making, a new contest, and more...

July 2006--Planning your production, using granulated wax, and more...

June 2006--Our 35th Year, using aluminum candle molds, how much candle fragrance to use, and more...

May 2006--Summertime candle making, making natural lemon candles and more...

April 2006--Choose the candle wick, making tealight candles and more...

March 2006--Choose the right wick base, blending soy wax with paraffin, making palm wax candles and more...

February 2006--The roll of wax additives in a blended wax world, UV additives, making grubby candles and more...

January 2006--The secrets of soy wax candles, more ways to use candles, making soy wax container candles and more...

December 2005--Planning for the new year, announcing our new home, secrets about wicks, and more...

November 2005--Holiday candle making, ideas to sell more candles, making luminaries and more...

October 2005--Temperture issues when making candles, how to start making candles and more...

September 2005--Choose the right candle mold, ASTM safety standards, and more...

August 2005--Color and Fragrance trends, choosing the right candle making tools, and more...

July 2005--Planning for efficient production, Marketing your Candles, Making Swirl Candles, and more...

June 2005--New market trends in candle shapes and textures, Making Textured Candles, and more...

May 2005--The trends and science of candle fragrances, Making Mottled Candles, and more...

April 2005--How to select the proper candle wick, Top Colors, Making "Earthy" Chunk Candles, and more...

March 2005--Selecting the right wax Part III, Our Top Waxes, Making Floral Candles, Our History and more...

February 2005--Selecting the right wax Part II, Our Top Fragrances, Making Fruit Candles and more...

January 2005--Selecting the right wax, Using blended wax, Coloring wax, Making Layered Jar Candles and more...

December 2004--All about candle making fragrances, Making Grubby Candles and more...

November 2004--Choosing Color for your candle making, Making snowball candles and more...

October 2004--Candle Making Busy Season, Making Palm Wax Candles, Speeding Up Candle Production and more...

September 2004--Candle Wax Melters, Making Sense of your Candle Scents, Making Taper Candles and more...

August 2004--Getting Ready For The Season, Using Votive Pins To Make Votive Candles, No Melt Candle Making and more...

July 2004--Some History & What's New, Paraffin Myths, Making Golf Ball Candles and more...

June 2004--Choosing the Right Candle Wax for Your Needs, Making One-Pour Tins and more...

May 2004--Investigating New Products, Burn Testing, Making Freestanding Gel Pillars & Novelties and more...

April 2004--Candle Making Trends, Rolled Candles with Beeswax Sheets, Making Taper Candles and more...

March 2004--Color Theory & Techniques, Floating Candle Molds, Making Tealight Candles and more...

February 2004--Mold Techniques, Computers and Candlemaking, Making Easter Egg Chunk Candles and more...

January 2004--Marketing Natural Wax and Paraffin Candles, Layering Natural Wax Candles and more...

December 2003--Holiday Greetings, 2003 Year in Review, The 6 P's, Making Icicle Candles and more...

November 2003--Building Your Candle Product Line, Making Holiday Ornaments & Soap-on-a-Wick and more...

October 2003--Marketing Your Candles, Polyurethane Molds, Making Lemon Candles, and more...

September 2003--Packaging & Labeling, Essential Oils, Making Rolled Pillars with Beeswax Sheets, and more...

August 2003--Using Palm Wax, Increasing Your Profit Margins, Using Aluminum Molds, and more...

July 2003--Ultra Violet Light Absorbers, Reducing Shipping Costs, Dipping Techniques, and more...

June 2003--Choosing the Right Wick, Using a Wick Stick, Making Floater Candles, and more...

May 2003--New Products Review, Pouring Temperatures, Finishes For Your Candles, and more...

April 2003--Selecting Paraffin, Natural and “Hybrid” Waxes, Using Pillar Pins, and more...

March 2003--Selling & Marketing Candles, Making it Easier to Make Pillars, Wax Art Crystals and more...

February 2003--Pouring Temperatures, Votive Tips, Making Grubby Candles, and more...

January 2003--Candle Making Safety Tips, Instruction Labels, What To Do With Extra Wax and more...

December 2002--Polycarbonate Molds, Making Clear Snowball Candles, and more...

November 2002--Candle Making as a Second Language, The Story of Chandler, Natural F Wax, and more...

October 2002--Candle Making as a Second Language, Projects Review and more...

September 2002--Accessorizing Your Manufacturing, Making Clear Pillar Candles, and more...

July/August 2002--Making Cinnamon Roll Candles, Clear Pillar Base, New Products, and more...

May/June 2002--Back to Basics, Making F Wax Candles, and more...

April 2002--Making Streaked Candles, Wax 101 part 3: Natural Wax, and more...

March 2002--Making Crackled Candles, Wax 101 part 2: Gel Wax, and more...

February 2002--Making Easter Egg Candles, Wax 101: An Overview, and more...

January 2002 --Review of 2001, Frosty Snowman Candles, New Products, Safety Info and more...

December 2001--Botanical candles, making white candles white and more...

November 2001--Chunk candles, clearance sale!, candlemaking books and more...

October 2001--The new candle market, choosing gels, votive wicks and more...

August 2001--New products, new location , new web site and more...

July 2001--Selling & Marketing Candles (part 3), Candle Burn Times and more...

June 2001--Selling & Marketing Candles (part 2), UV Light Absorbers, Wax Additive Recommendations and more...

May 2001--Selling & Marketing Candles, Burning Instructions, Selecting Sustainer Bases and more...

April 2001--Natural Waxes, Candle Burn Times, Wax Pouring Temperatures and more...

March 2001--Making Wax Inserts, Blended vs. Non-Blended Waxes, Colors, Fragrances and more...

February 2001--Whipped Wax, Wax Art Crystal Wax, Gel Candles, Using Containers and more...

 

 


 


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The Candlewic Company

Supplies the candle making industry with candle making kits, molds and accessories including candle wax, gel, and wicks.

3765 Old Easton Road
Doylestown, Pennsylvania 18901
800-368-3352 | Local: 215-230-3601
Fax: 215-230-3606

info@candlewic.com




Official Distributors of: Penreco Candle Gels
Members: IGCA, National Candle Association



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