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The En-Light-ener
Candle Making Newsletter
 
 

Tom Turkey on Candle Making

With Thanksgiving right around the corner using a turkey reference only seems appropriate. In full disclosure I must state that I have never cooked a turkey but have watched and read about the different techniques available. While doing the research I came across this website. I found it very interesting that, yes, candle making shares many similarities to cooking a turkey. Before you laugh to hard, I encourage you to read our newsletter and the referenced website and, by the end (I hope) you have a wonderful candle and a HAPPY THANKSGIVING and not be on a "Wild Turkey Hunt".

One of the important things we like to stress in candle making is that the process you follow will be as important as the components used to make the candle. To make a point, if you start with the freshest turkey in the county but if it is not cooked properly, you can end up with a dry turkey. I am sure we have all had that experience. Candle making is much the same; you can have the best wax on the market (any of Candlewic's brands) but if you don't follow the proper process, you can end up with unsightly candles or worse unsafe candles.

Safe Methods for Melting Wax
Like the referenced website identifies, there are good methods for a turkey and there are downright unsafe methods for cooking a turkey and the exact same can be said about candle making. In candle making melting the wax safely is extremely important to you as the candle maker. When making candles on a smaller scale a double boiler should be used, this can be as simple as taking the pouring pot and placing in a pot with water. This avoids placing the pouring pot directly on the heat source. Most items that can heat liquid safely to 160°-170° F without direct heat can be used. Many people will truly use "Turkey Roasters" (Editors note: I guess not many people will be making candles on Thanksgiving), soup tureens and even crock pots. Unsafe methods include microwaves (soy wax can be the exception), placing the pouring pot on the direct heat source or any type open flame.

When making candles on a larger scale water jacketed units are now the most popular way to go. Wax melters are available in sizes ranging from as small as 70 pounds up to 1,000 pounds. The water jacketed system uses an immersion heater which heats the water to melt the wax. Methods of using a direct flame on larger pots should never be used.

Temperature, Temperature, Temperature
One of the fun other analogies we like to borrow is from the Real Estate Industry instead of Location, Location and Location for candle making we like to use Temperature, Temperature and Temperature. The pouring temperature of the wax you are using is critical to achieve the correct results. Pouring at too low a temperature can result in cold lines, blotching and other faults. If you pour over the recommended pouring temperature on low shrink waxes then the wax will shrink more then normal thus requiring it to be topped off. With soy waxes and palm waxes the fragrance can bleed out if poured to hot.

Always check to make sure you are pouring at the correct temperature for the wax you are using. Wax does not have to be poured at precise temperatures but it is always good to be within 6°-10° F of those temperatures and in some cases a little tighter. In some instances pouring hotter can achieve nicer finishes if the waxes will allow them to be poured hotter. Many pillars waxes can be poured hotter to improve the finish of the candle.

For a unique finish or what is sometimes called a rustic or grubby look pour your pillars or containers at very low temperature.

Warming the Container
The surface temperature of the container and/or mold you are pouring will influence the finish of the candle. Glassware, especially if stored outside or in areas of high humidity, should always be preheated with a dry heat. Moisture and candle making are not good together. The pre-heat process does not have to be to any specific temperature but should be warm to a touch. Over warming the container can also have impact on the candle. If you heat too high it will slow down the cooling process resulting in more shrinkage. When making pillar candles it is also recommended to warm aluminum or tin molds. Sometimes pouring the wax hotter can compensate for not preheating the pillar mold.

The final temperature is room temperature. There are many debates on what the ideal room temperature should be but the key is to minimize the moisture and do not have extreme swings in the temperature. If the room temperature is 58° F during the winter and goes up to 95° F during the summer you can see differences in the finish of the candle as well as the cooling process. Even with these changes you can compensate/correct by changing your pouring temperature and/or preheating process.

The Wick Matters
Another key component of the process is how you wick the container and/or pillar. No matter what type of candle you are making it is extremely important the wick is centered from the bottom of the candle to the top. For round aluminum pillars the wick pins are very effective at keeping the wick centered. In container candles using the Bow Tie Wick Bar or even the Wick Stick are great options to ensure the wick is centered in the candle. Wicks off center can come in contact with the glass container or cause a blow out on the sides of a pillar.

So if you have never made a candle and have cooked a turkey I think you are now ready to take candle making to the next level. Or if you are like me, I may have to cook this year's turkey. No matter what situation you are in we look forward to assisting you in making that perfect CANDLE and hope the turkey website helps with the cooking.

Hi! I'm Chandler!
I can help you
learn how to make candles.

CHANDLER'S CORNER

One of the frequent question I get is, "I have never made a candle should I start with a kit or purchase the materials separately?"

The best answer we can provide is it depends on where you going to take your "candle making" experience. If you know it is a one time deal then a kit is sometimes the best starting point. They have, for the most part, everything you need and you do not have to piece meal the items. In addition you do not have to purchase extra material that you may not need. For example, when purchasing rolls of wick, the 8 ounce roll is generally the smallest one we have available. This will make quite a few candles and if you know you are not making any more candles then you will have surplus material. The kit has generally enough material to make exactly what the kit contains. The problem with the kit is that the fragrances and colors have already been pre-selected. They are always popular fragrance/color combinations but it can take out the "customization" many people like to have when making homemade crafts.

Purchasing individual items can allow you to purchase the exact colors and fragrance you need but you must also then select the proper wax, wick size and the other items you will need to make the candles you desire. If only making 1, 2 or 3 candles then we would recommend purchasing the kits and maybe adding a couple of small bottles of the specific fragrance you want.

No matter which way you chose it will be a fun and rewarding experience. Candles make great gifts for friends, neighbors, co-workers and teachers.

 


November 2009

Featured Project:
Luminary Candles

Note: For our avid readers and we know there are many we are sorry to have a reprint of this project but the Luminary can be such an important part of raising the awareness of candles.

Ever drive around your town on Christmas Eve and see all of the driveways or shops in a small downtown glowing with magnificence? These spectacular sites generally start with candles. Even if you are not a candle maker you can get your entire neighborhood involved.

Step 1
Select a votive to use. For making this project you can use one that you made or a standard 15-hour votive.

Step 2
Fill the bag with enough sand to prevent the bag from blowing away in the evening. Place the votive in the bag and light. Naturally these should only be used in outdoor displays.

Step 3
Line along driveway or sidewalk.

Note: Even though it is outside, extreme caution should be used.

Secret #1
Cut designs into the bag or add decorations to the outside of the bag. Snowflakes, stars and candy canes always add a special holiday touch. As identified in the feature article you may even want to think about donating these to your local business if you can place your label on the outside of the bag.

Secret #2
If you are expecting guests, try scenting them so your guests will be surprised with the pleasant smell of Bayberry, Christmas Cheer or some other wonderful holiday fragrance.

Secret #3
Since the votive is not seen the color is not important. You can use up all of your scrap wax to make these candles.

Secret #4
If you are making these for your own use, you may want to use soup cans, pet food (if metal) or other metal containers.

Secret #5
If you have snow on the ground, make a large snowball and hollow out the middle then put a candle in it. Make sure to keep these candles away from shrubs, trees and other flammable objects.

 


Quick Facts

It is very common that jars are named by their fluid capacity in ounces. In most cases this is not equal to weight of wax. The "16 oz" jars will not always equal to a full pound of wax and the candle maker does not always fill the jar to the same level as the jar was rated.

As a rule of thumb, there are approximately 7 pounds of wax per fluid gallon depending on the type of wax. When doing your estimates, please allow for spillage and be sure to note at what level you fill your jars.

 


We hope you enjoyed this issue of the En-Light-ener.
Thank you for your continued interest and support.
Our goal is to make this newsletter as entertaining and educational as possible.
Let us know if you have any ideas on how we can improve.

Candlewic Company
3765 Old Easton Road
Doylestown, Pennsylvania 18901
800-368-3352
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Issue Index

March 2014 -- Pick a Wick and more...

February 2014 -- Soy-lutions and more...

January 2014 -- Jump Starting and more...

December 2013 -- A Year-End Thank YOU! and more...

November 2013 -- Choosing the Right Wax and more...

October 2013 -- Holiday Season Checklist and more...

September 2013 -- Choosing the Right Wax and more...

August 2013 -- Sunscreen For Your Candles and more...

June 2013 -- Tools of the Trade and more...

April 2013 -- Spring Is In The Air and more...

March 2013 -- To Be or Not to Be and more...

February 2013 -- Keeping Up With the Times and more...

January 2013 -- A New Year of Candle Making and more...

December 2012 -- The Twelve Tips of Candle Making and more...

November 2012 -- Managing Shipping Options, Luminary Candles and more...

October 2012 -- Resources for Candle Makers, Snowball Candles and more...

September 2012 -- Paraffin wax - Not Your Cup of Tea, One-Pour Tins and more...

August 2012 -- Choosing the Right Wax, Aluminum Molds and more...

July 2012 -- Candle Making Kits, Palm Wax Candles and more...

June 2012 -- Starting Your Own Candle Business, Grubby Candles and more...

May 2012 -- Three Step Guide to Show Success, Candle making Without Melting and more...

April 2012 -- With Every Season, a Change in Process and more...

March 2012 -- The Whole Ball of Wax and more...

February 2012 -- Choosing the Right Color and more...

January 2012 -- Time for Your Yearly Checkup - Candle Business Style and more...

December 2011 -- The Twelve Tips of Candle Making, and more...

November 2011 -- Our Candle Making Wish List, Holiday Luminaries, and more...

October 2011 -- Overlooked But Definitely Not Overrated, Making votives with votive pins, and more...

September 2011 -- Time to Light a Fire for Your Business, What to do with extra candle wax, and more...

August 2011 -- All About Candle Additives, Ice Candle Project, and more...

July 2011 -- Create Unique and Trendy Candles, Taper Candles Using Polyurethane Molds, and more...

June 2011 -- Use Summertime To Improve Your Candle Making Business, Floral Pillar Candles Project, and more...

May 2011 -- Getting Your Candle Making Business Online, About Aluminum Molds, and more...

April 2011 -- Choosing the Right Soy Wax, Making Scented Votives and Floaters, and more...

March 2011 -- 5 Valuable Tips for Starting a Candle Making Business, Making Dipped Tapers, and more...

February 2011 -- Advice on Selecting Candle Wicks, Add That Finishing Touch, and more...

January 2011 -- First Impression Is Everything in Selling Candles, One-Pour Tins, and more...

December 2010 -- The Twelve Tips of Candle Making and more...

November 2010 -- Wish List for Candle Making, How to Make Grubby Candles, and more...

October 2010 -- Getting to the Next Level, Making Mottled Candles, and more...

September 2010 -- Five Tips to Make Customers Fall In Love With Your Candles, Veggie Dip Candles, and more...

August 2010 -- Back to Candle Making, Summer Sand Candles

July 2010 -- Are You Selecting the Right Wax?, Beeswax Pillar Candles, and more...

June 2010 -- 5 Free (or low cost) Business Growth Candle Making Business Resources, Vegetable Wax Candles, and more...

May 2010 -- Create Your White Castle Opportunity, No Melting Required Candle Project, and more...

April 2010 -- How To Reduce, Reuse and Recycle When Making Candles, What To Do With Extra Candle Wax, and more...

March 2010 -- Why Color Is Important, Making Streak Candles Project, and more...

February 2010 -- Pillar Candles - What's Old Is New, Making Palm Wax Candles, and more...

January 2010 -- New Year, New Decade and New Candle Making Tactics, Textured Candle Project, and more...

December 2009 -- 12 Tips of Candle Making, and more...

November 2009 -- Tom Turkey on Candle Making, Candle Kits vs Buying Indidual Supplies, and more...

October 2009 -- Taking the Scary out of Candle Making, Snowball Candle Project, and more...

September 2009 -- 4 Quick Tips to Improve Your Candle Line, Layered Candle Project, and more...

August 2009 -- Is Big Always Better?, Cookie Cutter Candle Making Project, and more...

July 2009 -- How to Set Candle Prices, All Natural Beeswax Garden Flare Candle Making Project, and more...

June 2009 -- 5 Tips for Avoiding Margin Drain, Tri-Color Candle Making Project, and more...

May 2009 -- How To Select a Candle Wick, Chunk Candle Making Project, and more...

April 2009 -- Candle Making Ideas for Summer, Candle Making Projects, and more...

March 2009 -- Mold Techniques in Candle Making, A Simple Candle Project, and more...

February 2009 -- Setting the Right Mood Year Round, Tealight Candle Project, and more...

January 2009 -- Reacquainting Yourself with Candle Making Waxes, Tri-Color Candle Project, and more...

December 2008 -- 12 Days of the Candle Making Business, Candle Making Projects, and more...

November 2008 -- Candle Making Business Cliches, Miracle Molding Material Projects, and more...

October 2008 -- Candle Making Terms Explained, How To Make Mottling Candles, and more...

September 2008 -- Adding on to Your Candle Lines, How To Make Candle Luminaries, and more...

August 2008 -- Candles & Their Fragrances, How To Make Pillar Candles, and more...

July 2008 -- Sunscreen For Your Candles, How To Make Dipped Tapers, and more...

June 2008 -- Fall Candle Season Starts Now, Extraordinary Candle Making Project, and more...

May 2008 -- Green Candle Making, Green Candle Projects, and more...

April 2008 -- Recent Candle Industry Price Increases, Aluminum Mold Candle Project, and more...

March 2008 -- Straight Wax, Exciting New Candle Making Products, and more...

February 2008 -- Business Side of Candle Making, Ice Candle Project, and more...

January 2008 -- Basics of Blended Wax Candles, Rose Floater Candle Project, and more...

December 2007 -- 12 Days of Business, 2007 Candle Making Projects, and more...

November 2007 -- Show Time for Candle Making, Making Snow Candles, and more...

October 2007 -- Ready, Set, GO candle making, Candle Luminaries, and more...

September 2007 -- GREENING Your Product Line and Your Bottom Line…, One-Pour Candle Tins, and more...

August 2007 -- Candle Making's Center of Focus, Making Streak Candles, and more...

July 2007 -- The Latest in Candle Making Products, Votive Candle Project, and more...

June 2007 -- Setting Your Candles' Sale Price, Summer Candle Projects, and more...

May 2007 -- Determining Your Candle Making Costs, Using Extra Candle Wax, and more...

April 2007 -- Natural Wax Buzz Part 2, Layered natural candles, and more...

March 2007--Crucial details of candle making, Candle projects with no melting required, and more...

February 2007--How to choose a candle making mold, Making custom candle molds, and more...

January 2007--"Green" Candle Making, tri-color jar candle project, and more...

December 2006--Looking into the candle making future, 2006 candle projects, and more...

November 2006--Introducing...a candle making introduction, candle projects, and more...

October 2006--Prime time: candle wicks, taper candle projects, and more...

September 2006--Clearly still here:Gel candle making, one-pour tins, and more...

August 2006--Fragrance - the driving force of candle making, a new contest, and more...

July 2006--Planning your production, using granulated wax, and more...

June 2006--Our 35th Year, using aluminum candle molds, how much candle fragrance to use, and more...

May 2006--Summertime candle making, making natural lemon candles and more...

April 2006--Choose the candle wick, making tealight candles and more...

March 2006--Choose the right wick base, blending soy wax with paraffin, making palm wax candles and more...

February 2006--The roll of wax additives in a blended wax world, UV additives, making grubby candles and more...

January 2006--The secrets of soy wax candles, more ways to use candles, making soy wax container candles and more...

December 2005--Planning for the new year, announcing our new home, secrets about wicks, and more...

November 2005--Holiday candle making, ideas to sell more candles, making luminaries and more...

October 2005--Temperture issues when making candles, how to start making candles and more...

September 2005--Choose the right candle mold, ASTM safety standards, and more...

August 2005--Color and Fragrance trends, choosing the right candle making tools, and more...

July 2005--Planning for efficient production, Marketing your Candles, Making Swirl Candles, and more...

June 2005--New market trends in candle shapes and textures, Making Textured Candles, and more...

May 2005--The trends and science of candle fragrances, Making Mottled Candles, and more...

April 2005--How to select the proper candle wick, Top Colors, Making "Earthy" Chunk Candles, and more...

March 2005--Selecting the right wax Part III, Our Top Waxes, Making Floral Candles, Our History and more...

February 2005--Selecting the right wax Part II, Our Top Fragrances, Making Fruit Candles and more...

January 2005--Selecting the right wax, Using blended wax, Coloring wax, Making Layered Jar Candles and more...

December 2004--All about candle making fragrances, Making Grubby Candles and more...

November 2004--Choosing Color for your candle making, Making snowball candles and more...

October 2004--Candle Making Busy Season, Making Palm Wax Candles, Speeding Up Candle Production and more...

September 2004--Candle Wax Melters, Making Sense of your Candle Scents, Making Taper Candles and more...

August 2004--Getting Ready For The Season, Using Votive Pins To Make Votive Candles, No Melt Candle Making and more...

July 2004--Some History & What's New, Paraffin Myths, Making Golf Ball Candles and more...

June 2004--Choosing the Right Candle Wax for Your Needs, Making One-Pour Tins and more...

May 2004--Investigating New Products, Burn Testing, Making Freestanding Gel Pillars & Novelties and more...

April 2004--Candle Making Trends, Rolled Candles with Beeswax Sheets, Making Taper Candles and more...

March 2004--Color Theory & Techniques, Floating Candle Molds, Making Tealight Candles and more...

February 2004--Mold Techniques, Computers and Candlemaking, Making Easter Egg Chunk Candles and more...

January 2004--Marketing Natural Wax and Paraffin Candles, Layering Natural Wax Candles and more...

December 2003--Holiday Greetings, 2003 Year in Review, The 6 P's, Making Icicle Candles and more...

November 2003--Building Your Candle Product Line, Making Holiday Ornaments & Soap-on-a-Wick and more...

October 2003--Marketing Your Candles, Polyurethane Molds, Making Lemon Candles, and more...

September 2003--Packaging & Labeling, Essential Oils, Making Rolled Pillars with Beeswax Sheets, and more...

August 2003--Using Palm Wax, Increasing Your Profit Margins, Using Aluminum Molds, and more...

July 2003--Ultra Violet Light Absorbers, Reducing Shipping Costs, Dipping Techniques, and more...

June 2003--Choosing the Right Wick, Using a Wick Stick, Making Floater Candles, and more...

May 2003--New Products Review, Pouring Temperatures, Finishes For Your Candles, and more...

April 2003--Selecting Paraffin, Natural and “Hybrid” Waxes, Using Pillar Pins, and more...

March 2003--Selling & Marketing Candles, Making it Easier to Make Pillars, Wax Art Crystals and more...

February 2003--Pouring Temperatures, Votive Tips, Making Grubby Candles, and more...

January 2003--Candle Making Safety Tips, Instruction Labels, What To Do With Extra Wax and more...

December 2002--Polycarbonate Molds, Making Clear Snowball Candles, and more...

November 2002--Candle Making as a Second Language, The Story of Chandler, Natural F Wax, and more...

October 2002--Candle Making as a Second Language, Projects Review and more...

September 2002--Accessorizing Your Manufacturing, Making Clear Pillar Candles, and more...

July/August 2002--Making Cinnamon Roll Candles, Clear Pillar Base, New Products, and more...

May/June 2002--Back to Basics, Making F Wax Candles, and more...

April 2002--Making Streaked Candles, Wax 101 part 3: Natural Wax, and more...

March 2002--Making Crackled Candles, Wax 101 part 2: Gel Wax, and more...

February 2002--Making Easter Egg Candles, Wax 101: An Overview, and more...

January 2002 --Review of 2001, Frosty Snowman Candles, New Products, Safety Info and more...

December 2001--Botanical candles, making white candles white and more...

November 2001--Chunk candles, clearance sale!, candlemaking books and more...

October 2001--The new candle market, choosing gels, votive wicks and more...

August 2001--New products, new location , new web site and more...

July 2001--Selling & Marketing Candles (part 3), Candle Burn Times and more...

June 2001--Selling & Marketing Candles (part 2), UV Light Absorbers, Wax Additive Recommendations and more...

May 2001--Selling & Marketing Candles, Burning Instructions, Selecting Sustainer Bases and more...

April 2001--Natural Waxes, Candle Burn Times, Wax Pouring Temperatures and more...

March 2001--Making Wax Inserts, Blended vs. Non-Blended Waxes, Colors, Fragrances and more...

February 2001--Whipped Wax, Wax Art Crystal Wax, Gel Candles, Using Containers and more...

 

 

 


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The Candlewic Company

Supplies the candle making industry with candle making kits, molds and accessories including candle wax, gel, and wicks.

3765 Old Easton Road
Doylestown, Pennsylvania 18901
800-368-3352 | Local: 215-230-3601
Fax: 215-230-3606

info@candlewic.com




Official Distributors of: Penreco Candle Gels
Members: IGCA, National Candle Association



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