put together the following guidelines to assist you in getting
started in candle making. Candle making can be as basic as you
want or as
challenging as you want. The following are some of the basic supplies
and procedures you need to get started.
Pouring Pot or Wax Heater
Candlewic carries two styles of pouring pitchers that are ideal
for the beginner (M-121A 4# pound pot and M-60 8# pitcher). We
using these pouring pots as a double boiler
by placing them in another pot that is filled with water. This
will work for temperatures up to 212 degrees F. If the candle wax
or an additive in the blend calls for higher temperatures
than 212 degrees F you can heat it in on direct heat (not an open
flame). If doing so it is imperative to keep your attention focused
on the temperature of the wax, do not let
it go above 325 degrees F. We also carry a wide variety of direct
and water-jacketed wax heaters in a variety of sizes if you’re
interested in melting larger batches.
Candlewic carries over 20 different waxes. We have a wide selection
of paraffin waxes, pre-blended candle waxes, veggie waxes, bayberry,
and beeswax. We suggest reading over the
wax pages in order to find the wax that will offer you the look
and effects you are trying to achieve in your candle. Please
mind each variety of candle wax will have different
melting points, characteristics and pouring temperatures.
Before you get started it is going to be important to know the
melt point of the wax, this is important for several reasons.
is very important in determining the pouring temperature.
Typically the ideal pouring temperature is 20-30 degrees above
the melting point, this can very depending on the type of wax.
TOO HOT OR COLD CAN EFFECT
THE FINISH AND PERFORMANCE OF THE WAX IN YOUR CANDLE.
Selection of your wick is going to be one of your most difficult
challenges in candle making. We suggest starting with Candlewic’s
wick recommendations. The wick selection
will be sensitive to the candle’s shape, size, wax, color,
and fragrance. We recommend using pre-cut and tabbed wicks for
making votive and container candles. These wicks can be cut
to your specification to the exact size of your container or votive.
In producing pillar and novelty candles it is suggested that you
use the spooled raw wicking.
Candlewic offers color blocks, color buttons, and liquid dyes for
solid coloring. The easiest method to color your wax is the color
buttons or blocks. These are formed in 1/2 oz. sizes,
which typically color about 15 pounds of wax a dark shade.
Candlewic carries over 170 liquid fragrances. The recommended amount
of fragrance ranges from 3 to 8% by weight. A good starting point
is 1 ounce per pound (6% by weight). It’s
important to check the maximum fragrance amount the particular
wax you are using will hold. Usually if you go above that amount
wax, it will not perform properly.
Candlewic carries a very wide assortment of candlemaking molds including pillar,
votive, floater, novelty, and unique designer shapes. In addition, Candlewic
has over 20 different styles of jars to choose from.
A thermometer is a must for candle making, since pouring temperature
is so critical. Candlewic has a standard candle thermometer
(M-61) and a higher-end digital thermometer. Both are
effective in reading the temperature of the wax.