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Candle Wicks are an Important Choice

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Why Do You Need to Pick The Right Candle Wicks?

The final choice to be made in the candle making process always seems to be the candle wicks. Those that have gone through this experience know well that if the proper wick isn't selected, it doesn't matter if you picked the best fragrance, wax or even container because the candle will not burn properly. And if the candle doesn't burn properly, the consumer won't come back.

When choosing candle wicks, there are some important criteria to follow. You should strive to achieve:

  • Consistent flame size
  • Moderate container temperature
  • Minimal or no blooming (carbon deposits)
  • Well-formed wax pool with no dripping
  • Minimal glow after the candle has been extinguished

Where do I start?

The issue any candle maker has is where to start when choosing the proper wick. In today's marketplace the possibilities are endless and that can be overwhelming at times. The frustration for many is that there is not a magic formula to determine what wick is right for the given application. There are over 300 different wicks! The best one for your application will vary depending on the wax you are using, the fragrance load, candle diameter and even the color.

So the question is, where do you start? Below are some highlights of the most frequently used wicks:

  • RRD--is a round directional wick with a cotton core and tension threads. It has been designed for optimal burn in solid-colored, scented votives and containers. This series may be one of the more popular due to its versatility in working with both paraffin and soy waxes.
  • HTP--Are otherwise known as high-tension paper wicks. These wicks have a paper core wound into the wick to offer rigidity. These wicks are specially designed for use in votives and containers.
  • CD--Also have a paper core wound into the wick and are very well suited for votives and containers.
  • LX--is a flat braided wick with stabilized threads that help the wick "curl" during the burning process. These wicks will work in votives, containers and pillars. This wick is also an excellent choice for pillars made of the ECO-Soya PB and the Pillar Palm waxes.
  • Zinc--This core has always offered rigidity in the "hot pour" process. The down side is that zinc is prone to mushrooming and carbon deposits. This series is very popular with paraffin waxes in containers.

Candlewic Wick Choice Resources:

It is important that you spend time selecting the proper wick so you can really showcase the fragrances you have selected. The staff at Candlewic can help you with this process and we encourage you to take advantage of their expertise.

 

Candle Wick Recommendations


Selection of your wick is going to be one of your most difficult challenges in candle making. We suggest starting with Candlewic’s wick recommendations below. The wick selection will be sensitive to the candle’s shape, size, wax, color, and fragrance. We recommend using pre-cut and tabbed wicks for making votive and container candles. These wicks can be cut to your specification to the exact size of your container or votive using ourCustom Wick Builder. In producing pillar and novelty candles it is suggested that you use the spooled raw wicking.

Candlewic has put together the following recommendations through rigid
test burning to help with your wick selection. These recommendations are
a good starting point but test burning is a must to guarantee that it will
work in your particular application. The wick size is sensitive to the
amount of fragrance, color, type of wax and additives.

Tea-Lights (Paraffin, Veggie Waxes and Versagel)
Candle SizeWick TypeTabType of WaxWick
Coating
1-1/8"S33015mmParaffinHigh melt point
1-1/8"28-24 Zinc15mmParaffinHigh melt point
1-1/8"TL 18/S-30 nst 215mmVeggie WaxesHigh melt point
1-1/8"TL 25/S-30 nst 215 x 6mmVersaGel210 degrees



Votive Candles 15 hour (Paraffin and Veggie Waxes)
Candle SizeWick TypeTabType of WaxWick
Coating
2.5"36-24-24 Zinc33mmParaffinHigh melt point
2.5"LX-1020mmParaffinHigh melt point
2.5"RRD-34 nst220mmVeggie WaxesHigh melt point



Container Candles (Paraffin, Veggie Waxes, and Versagel)
Candle SizeWick TypeTabType of WaxWick
Coating
Small 1-2"34-40 Zinc20mmParaffinHigh melt point
Small 1-2"RRD-29 nst 220mmVeggie WaxesHigh melt point
Small 1-2"CD-320 x 9mmVersaGel210 degrees
Medium 2-3"LX-1420mmParaffinHigh melt point
Medium 2-3"RRD-40 nst 220mmVeggie WaxesHigh melt point
Medium 2-3"HZL 38 C20 x 9mmVersaGel210 degrees
Large 3-4"CD-1620mmParaffinHigh melt point
Large 3-4"RRD-47 nst 220mmVeggie WaxesHigh melt point
Large 3-4"HTP-10520 x 9mmVersaGel210 degrees
X-Large 4+ "60-44-18 Cotton20mmParaffinHigh melt point
X-Large 4+ "(2) RRD-37 nst 220mmVeggie WaxesHigh melt point

Please note if you are using a one-pour, paraffin-based wax you may need to go up 1 or 2 sizes above the recommended wick sizes on the chart above.


Pillar Candles (Paraffin and Veggie Waxes)
Candle SizeWick TypeType of Wax
Small 2-3"LX-14 RRD-37 nst 2Paraffin & Veggie Waxes
Medium 3"LX-16 RRD-40 nst 2Paraffin & Veggie Waxes
Large 4"LX-20 RRD-47 nst 2Paraffin & Veggie Waxes
6 x 6" (3 wicks)15 ply vRRD-29 nst 2Paraffin & Veggie Waxes

 

The Science of the Candle Wick

How does a candle wick burn?
The candle’s wick is the pipeline that feeds the melted wax vapor to the flame by capillary action. Initially the heat of the flame melts the wax at the top of the candle, once the melt pool is formed the molten wax is then drawn to the flame by the capillary action of the wick. Once the wax reaches the wick a chemical reaction occurs between the vaporized hydrocarbons and the oxygen in the air.

When you take a look at the candle’s flame you will notice that the flame is nearly invisible near the wick and a yellow luminous zone surrounds it. It is near the wick that the wax vapors are breaking down releasing hydrogen and as a result, long unsaturated carbon chains are formed. These carbon chains are actually tiny particles of soot. It is these tiny soot particles that burn and release the yellow light of the candles’ flames. If there is enough oxygen and not too much wax vapor being created at the wick, the soot particles are completely burned up in the flame and the candle releases only heat, light, water and carbon dioxide. If there isn’t enough oxygen and too much vapor the flame is going to release the soot and not fully combust causing the wick to bloom (mushroom).

20 Responses to "Candle Wicks are an Important Choice"

Andrew Carter

6:36 PM on July 22, 2017
Having problems with three wick candle....wick selection. Using 14 oz jar, soy 125 wax and RRD-55 (PC0063) wicks....blooming, soot, seems too hot (deep pool), jar needs cleaning after each burn. Need help.

The Candlewic Company

8:33 AM on July 27, 2017
Hi Andrew,

Wick sizing is always the biggest challenge to making candles. The type and melt point of the wax you are using, the diameter of the finished candle and even the color/fragrance can be a variable in determining the proper wick. Using the proper wick will reduce the smoking, sooting and other negative properties of the candle burning. It is highly recommended that you try to exhaust all options of a single wick before going to 3 wicks. Using 3 creates challenges because a wick needs oxygen to perform properly and the 3 wicks consume too much oxygen in a small area. Also if you want to try smaller wicks, you can try RRD-29.

mar bermudez

2:02 AM on October 7, 2017
I am making 8oz tin container candles with 125 soy wax, I used the eco 14. once I light my candle their isn't a hot scent throw and melted wax to the touch seems barely warm...please help

The Candlewic Company

11:33 AM on October 9, 2017
Hi Mar,

Wick sizing is always the biggest challenge to making candles. The type and melt point of the wax you are using, the diameter of the finished candle and even the color/fragrance can be a variable in determining the proper wick. Using the proper wick will reduce the smoking, sooting and other negative properties of the candle burning. The ECO-14 is a decent size to use in the application you identified. You may want to look at how much color/fragrance you are adding - both might be slowing down the burn.

http://www.candlewic.com/candle-wicks/pop-spools.asp

In addition the article in our Newsletter can also help you choose the proper wick.

http://www.candlewic.com/candle-making-newsletter/0211.asp

In terms of the fragrance throw, we do like to point out that Soy wax has many positive attributes but fragrance throw is not one of them. When comparing the fragrance throw with soy it should only be compared to other soy wax candles.

Additional Tips:

- Be sure to add the fragrance right before pouring.
- When pouring the wax, be sure to pour at the lowest possible temperature that will not cause defects in the candle (air bubbles, frost marks).
- Only use quality fragrances.
- Be sure the wick is sized properly and is not too large or small for the application.
- Since you have worked with the fragrances in the most concentrated form, have someone else outside of where the candle was poured do the evaluation on the fragrance throw.

Thank you!

Jeri Scott

9:17 AM on October 20, 2017
I melted old candles and put 1/2 tsp cocoa, cinnamon, pumpkin powder in wax. Wick will not stay lit. Jeri

The Candlewic Company

5:00 PM on October 20, 2017
Hi Jeri,

Unfortunately, we would not recommend burning a candle with those types of ingredients. We cannot be sure of the flash point of those ingredients. Also, those ingredients would probably clog almost any wick and preclude it from burning.

Thank you!

J M

10:36 PM on October 23, 2017
Hi please help...I have a 10 oz tin container, holds 8 oz, 3 1/8 by 2 1/4. Using Cargill Nature c-3 soywax. Fragrance at 6%. Liquid dye is at .05%. What is the best wick to get the job done. Thank you.

The Candlewic Company

8:05 AM on October 25, 2017
Hello J,

Wick sizing is always the biggest challenge to making candles. The type and melt point of the wax you are using, the diameter of the finished candle and even the color/fragrance can be a variable in determining the proper wick. Using the proper wick will reduce the smoking, sooting and other negative properties of the candle burning. With all of the information you identified, we would recommend either the ECO-10 or the ECO-12. The desired flame height, burning cycle and fragrance choice will have some impact on which wick would be better.

http://www.candlewic.com/candle-wicks/pop-spools.asp

In addition, this article in our Newsletter can also help you choose the proper wick.

http://www.candlewic.com/candle-making-newsletter/0211.asp

Thank you!

Gina Davis

4:34 PM on October 25, 2017
Hello! I am making 16oz Mason Jar candles using Golden Soy Blend 444. Can you recommend a wick?

The Candlewic Company

12:28 PM on October 26, 2017
Hi Gina,

Wick sizing is always the biggest challenge to making candles. The type and melt point of the wax you are using, the diameter of the finished candle and even the color/fragrance can be a variable in determining the proper wick. Using the proper wick will reduce the smoking, sooting and other negative properties of the candle burning. With that jar and wax, we would recommend testing the ECO-12 or ECO-14.

Thank you!

Boshko Kuryak

12:09 PM on October 27, 2017
Hi! I am preparing for an experiment with natural candles made of 1:1 Carnauba wax and Coconut oil mix. I plan on adding some essential oils for fragrance too. The problem is I cannot find any instructions for wick selection. Can you please recommend a proper wick to be used in this scenario? Thanks!

Gary Stewart

4:09 PM on October 31, 2017
primarily interested in strongest candle lighting for power failures ( brite flame oblong with 2 wicks.

Whitney G

11:00 PM on October 31, 2017
Hello! I am making a candles in a 4 oz. tin using Golden Brand 464 soy wax. Can you recommend a wick size?

The Candlewic Company

4:49 PM on November 1, 2017
Hi Whitney,

Wick sizing is always the biggest challenge to making candles. The type and melt point of the wax you are using, the diameter of the finished candle and even the color/fragrance can be a variable in determining the proper wick. Using the proper wick will reduce the smoking, sooting and other negative properties of the candle burning. With that particular wax and diameter would recommend testing the ECO-6 or ECO-8.

http://www.candlewic.com/candle-wicks/pop-spools.asp

In addition the article in our Newsletter can also help you choose the proper wick.

http://www.candlewic.com/candle-making-newsletter/0211.asp

Thank you!

The Candlewic Company

4:52 PM on November 1, 2017
Hi Gary,

Oversizing the wick can create a bright flame but you must also watch to ensure the flame is not too large so as to create a dangerous situation. Also, oversized wicks will smoke more and develop a carbon deposit on top of the wick.

Thank you!

The Candlewic Company

8:54 AM on November 2, 2017
Hi Boshko,

Unfortunately when you have unique blends, finding the proper wick can be challenging. I would say with a formulation such as the one you have proposed, the ECO series is going to be the best one to start with. Depending on the diameter, you may want to get 2-3 wicks in this style to try to determine how it will perform.

Thank you!

Jane Beresford

8:20 PM on November 7, 2017
Perhaps I've just gotten lucky so far. I've simply chosen wicks that look like the ones that were in the glass container candle before I burned it down to the last 1/4" of wax. I've no idea what oddball mix of wax I use when I carve out the remains of old candles, and add in the wax melts that no longer smell like much of anything unless I almost stick my nose in it. FWIW, the candles I've made burn cleaner than the original store bought ones in glass containers, and the wicks don't get all curly-wonky on me like the store bought candle ones do. My main issue is keeping them upright and centered when I pour in the melted wax. I've found what might count as a "work around" for that, but is there an easier way than propping up the wick between a couple of bamboo plant stakeslaid across the top of the jar?

The Candlewic Company

9:33 AM on November 9, 2017
Hi Jane,

Yes, there is definitely a better way to keep your wicks straight. The Bow Tie clip (copy and paste the address below into your browser) is great for helping keep the wick centered.

http://www.candlewic.com/store/product.aspx?q=c47,p1161&&title=Bow-Tie-Wick-Bar-(Wick-Centering-Device)

Thank you!

Mike Standing

9:11 PM on November 13, 2017
What type of wick do I use for a beeswax votive and tee lights?

The Candlewic Company

2:30 PM on November 14, 2017
Hi Mike,

The square braided wicks generally are the best ones to use with beeswax. The exact one will vary depending on how filtered the beeswax is, but in general we would recommend:

Votives - test the 2/0, 1/0 or the #1 wick.
Tealights - try the 4/0, 3/0 or the 2/0 wick.

Thank you!
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