October 01, 2002

Candle Making as a Second Language

"The En-Light-ener"
Candle Making Newsletter

Welcome to the En-light-ener, Candlewic's newsletter for the candle making community.

On behalf of the Candlewic Company we would like to thank everyone who has taken the time to read each edition of the En-Light-ner. This newsletter has been developed for candle makers of all levels to assist in learning new things about candle making. We have covered a wide range of topics including: A Wax Overview, Paraffin waxes, Natural Waxes and Gels, a series of articles on How to Market your candles and one of the newer features which is the “project” of the month. We truly encourage you to visit past issues to assist in many aspects of candle making.

In this issue we would like to focus on candle making as a “second language.” For many people making candles requires learning new terminology. Learning the terms and definitions and simplifying their meaning can make candle making a little easier to understand. In the upcoming issues of The Enlightner we would like to provide explanations to many of the terms and phrases which are commonly used by Technical Staff, chat lines and reference materials. These are definitions you probably will not find in your latest Webster’s dictionary.

It also seems as though new terminology and phrases are constantly being added. Terms such as polar and non-polar have always existed, however their reference to candle making is relatively new. This seems like an appropriate place to start.

POLAR/NON-POLAR These phrases generally apply when making gel candles and clear candle technology products. In order to be safe when using the referenced products a fragrance must be non-polar. In general, non-polar fragrance means it will be compatible to the gel that it is going into. A polar fragrance can bleed out of the gel causing a safety concern when the candle is burned. If making paraffin candles this terminology is not necessary.

MOTTLING This is a fracturing of the wax which will create a look on the exterior of the candle that is “whited out,” snowflake looking or “washed out.” This look has been made famous by several “big name” candle companies. Not all waxes are designed to mottle so be sure to chose a wax designed for that application. If you are making mottled candles be sure to check out our brand new product being offered below.

BACK FILL/TOPPING OFF With the exception of those blended waxes that have been designed as one-pour, all waxes have some level of shrinkage. As the candle sets up it will shrink around the middle of the candle requiring additional wax to be added. The back fill/top off will be necessary to create a smooth top in containers or in the case of pillars a fairly uniform bottom to the candle.

MELT POINT This is the temperature at which the wax will become fully liquid. There is an important distinction between melt point and pouring temperature. Be sure to check the product data sheet to determine which one is applicable to you.

VYBAR This is an additive used in straight paraffins to help hold the fragrance in the wax. This a is patented and trademarked product.

MUSHROOMING This is what can appear on top of your wick during the burning cycle. Specifically, these are carbon deposits. The following factors are some of reasons why this can occur: the core of the wick, lack of oxygen (in containers), scent load and incorrect sizing of the wick. Other factors can cause mushrooming, but these are the most common. Mushrooming can cause excessive smoking in the candle and should be reduce as much as possible.

CORED WICK This is any wick that has zinc, paper or cotton in the middle to provide additional rigidity to the wick. Wicks such as flat braided, square braided and round wicks do not have any type of core.

In future editions of the Englightner we will continue to provide additional definitions that should be helpful in understanding the “World of Candle Making.”


We are extremely excited to announce that we now are in full production of producing wick assemblies that have 100% Beeswax coating. This "All Natural" coating is great when making beeswax candles and natural candles. The coating can be ordered by using our Custom Wick Builder. In Step 5 simply select the beeswax coating. For those not familiar with the Custom Wick Builder it is exclusive to Candlewic and lets you select the precise wick assembly you desire at the lowest available pricing in the market. We GUARENTEE to beat any price on Pre-Wick assemblies.


October 2002


As our readership continues to increase, we thought this might be an appropriate time to highlight some of the exciting projects we have done in the past.

Cinnamon Roll Project
cinnamon roll mold

Snowman Project

Clear Pillar Base Candles Project

The deadline for submitting entries for the best design/use of the clear pillar wax is October 28, 2002. The winner will receive a Candlewic gift certificate worth $150.00. You may want to look at the wonderful new holiday kits we have for some creative ideas or use many of the other polyurethane molds. IDEA: Fruits sure can make a unique candle. If you need details on this contest please email us at


This sale will be ending October 31. Don’t miss this opportunity to get all of the great products at the lowest price ever on J-50, J-223, J-300, 4045H and all of the Penreco Gels.


We've assembled several holiday theme kits so you can create some unforgettable candles using the Clear Pillar Base. Don't miss it!

Now available from the same producers of the Vybar 260 and Vybar 103 is a brand new product that will allow you to make mottled candles that are capable of holding more scent while still allowing the candle to mottle. In the past, making mottled candles was a balance between adding enough fragrance to the wax so it would mottle and adding too much fragrance. If too much fragrance is added, it could bleed (leach) out of the wax.

The newest product available, Vybar 343 has been developed to help pillar mottling waxes hold more fragrance and even mottle better. When Vybar 343 is used at a 1% level you will be able to add more than the traditional 5% fragrance load in a pillar candle, enhance the mottling and produce a candle with linear dispersion of the scent. We are offering on a limited basis 8 free ounces of the Vybar 343 with any order of 50 pounds or more of the 4045 H. This special is limited to the first 150 orders of 4045 H and 1 free sample per customer.

NOTE: This product is not intended to make a non-mottling wax mottle but is designed to enhance a true mottling wax. The product has been specifically designed for pillars. Test results for container fill waxes are mixed. For container fill waxes, individual testing should be done to determine if the product works with your choice of wax.


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