December 01, 2004

Scents and Fragrances

Scents and Fragrances.
This story goes back to 1380 in the city of Carthusia on the island of Capri off the coast of Italy. Legend has it, the father prior of the Carthusian monastery of St. Giacomo missed the news that Queen Giovanna of Anjou would be paying a visit to the island. In a last-minute frenzy, he created an arrangement of the island's most beautiful flowers in her honor. The water wasn't changed for three days, and when the flowers were thrown away, the prior noticed that the water had acquired an exquisite aroma. He took the scented water to the local alchemist, who identified the scent's sources. Thus was born the first perfume of Capri.

Fast forward to 1948, when a new prior of the monastery came upon the old perfume recipes and, after obtaining permission from the pope, shared them with a chemist in Turin, who built a laboratory and started to produce these ancient fragrances.

The use of Fragrances and scents in candlemaking has reached unlimited proportions, with an endless evolution of fragrances proliferating the marketplace. All of the major retailers have their own signature candle scents and that doesn’t even take into consideration what the perfume industry creates each year.


Today's candle fragrances range from the expected to the extreme.

In years past simple fragrances such as vanilla, strawberry and cinnamon were in high demand. Today’s candle market is now filled with much more complex and diverse fragrances: hazelnut truffles, cobblestone path, fall woods, white tea, cotton blossom evoking in us clear images and varied emotions. Imagine being able to walk down that wonderful path in the woods and be reminded of that very precious moment just by lighting a candle filled with that scent. Pretty powerful stuff, no wonder three-fourths of candle purchasers say that scent is "extremely important" or "very important" in their selection of candles for their home.

A lot of what attracts us to a candle comes from its visual appearance; its shape, color, and texture with one more component being the determining factor for purchase...its smell.

Our reactions to fragrances and scents are as varied and complex as we are filled with emotion and able to affect our moods in very profound ways. Our perception of smell comes in two parts, the sensation of the odors themselves and the experiences and emotions that we associate with these sensations. Scents can evoke very strong emotional reactions as well. In studies on reactions to scents, the results show that an individual will either like or dislike a scent purely based on their emotional association. The association of fragrance and emotion is not an invention of poets or perfume-makers.

So as crafters we are constantly trying new scents and combinations of fragrances. The marketplace today is always presenting new enticing scents, whether it’s a new perfume at the department store or a new fragrance candle from the Pottery Barns and Crate and Barrels of the world. We at Candlewic are always on the look out for the new scents that are in demand, working with the fragrance industry leaders in order to offer you what your customers are craving. Floral, Essential, Fruit and Berries, Nature's Best, Tropical Delights, Herbs, and more new and exciting scents are just a small part of the Candlewic offering of over 300 different and unique kinds of fragrances with plans for many more in 2005.

The only limits are those in your imagination and the limits of the wax you are working with.

It has also been shown that scents can effect our moods, for example; citrus scents are thought to being invigorating, uplifting while other scents like sandalwood, rose and lavender are considered relaxing.


 

CHANDLER'S CORNER

Hi! I'm Chandler!
I can help you
learn how to make candles.

What does scent load, double and triple scented candles mean?

Let me see if I can make sense (pardon the pun) of this question. The proper amount of scent is purely an individual determination. Many sources have tried to simplify things by recommending 5%, 6% and etc but even these levels can cause problems, because scent strength levels vary from manufacturer to manufacturer. A scent load of 5% by one manufacturer may result in a certain scent smell but you may find that you are able to duplicate that smell using only 4% of the same from another manufacturer.

The percentage is the amount of scent relative to your total formulation. For example if you were making a 100-pound batch of candles, your wax (provided you are using a blended wax) would be 95% and the remaining portion would be scent, so you would say it has a 5% scent load. There is no right or wrong on the amount of scent to add to a candle, within reason. You must always test burn the candle once you have determined your scent load to ensure it performs properly.

Some candle companies have used terminology such as triple scented and double scented. This is more a marketing technique since there is no true standard to measure it against, it is therefore not possible to quantify. Your selection will be based on where your nose leads you and the thoughts that are conjured up along with it. Enjoy the journey.


December 2004

A Message
from Candlewic

It seems at the end of every year we always try to search for a new way to summarize the year other than to begin with “Hard to believe another year has passed.” I don’t know about you but I have never found a phrase suitable.

As we end or 32nd year of business, we are truly excited about the opportunities that exist in the Candle Making and Soap Making Markets for next year.

In 2004 we underwent a number of enormous changes, including moving our entire two operations into one new facility. We wish we could say that this went exactly as we had planned, but unfortunately moving our complete manufacturing and distribution center presented a number of unexpected issues from different sources. These issues did have an impact on our ability to deliver the high level of service we have adhered to in the past and that you the customer expect. You sincerely have our apologies if you experienced any of these issues during this time period. We believe the new facility and changes we have faced over the past months will enable us to provide you outstanding levels of service going forward.

We wish to thank the many customers that made 2004 such a huge success and look forward to working with you in 2005.

Sincerely

Bill and Dave Binder

 
Project:
Grubby Candles

Before beginning this project it may be best to describe what a Grubby Candle might be. While you probably will not find an official definition for a grubby candle, many people refer to the look of the candle where it appears the surface of the candle is frosted or maybe wax may be missing a layer in sections. Unlike mottling where the finish is actually "internal" on the candle, the finish on this candle will actually impact the surface of the candle.

This candle is always a favorite of candle makers since it is relatively easy to make. The level of the "grubbiness" can be controlled.

Any size aluminum mold can be used for this candle. The most popular we find is the 3 x 4½. You begin this project by chilling the mold for about 10-15 minutes. You then take the 4045H wax and add about 10% stearic acid to the formulation. Melt your wax to around 150-155 degrees Fahrenheit and pour into the chilled mold as any standard pillar. Top off where needed and remove when the candle has completely hardened. Due to the peeling of the wax the candle may have to be placed in the freezer for removal.

 

 
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