On behalf of the Candlewic Company, we
wish to thank everyone who has taken the time to send us
their positive, kind words recently regarding our monthly
newsletter. It is our goal to make these articles as informative
as possible for our entire customer base.
Bill and Dave
Which Wick Fits?
We are very in tune with the concept that there are very few industries
that require the level of a balance between art and science than candle
making. As we all know by now candle making is a much more complex
process than just melting wax, adding crayons and some scent with the
final result being the perfect candle. If candle making were this easy
we would have run out of topics after the first year of writing this
many past articles we have written about the importance of
fragrance selection, color and even shape. But in reality
these issues are all secondary to ensuring the proper wick
is used in the candle. The proper wick is paramount to ensure
safety, scent throw and general good performance of your
candle. I’ll tell you upfront that this article is
not going instill in you a magical formula for selecting
the proper wick for your candle. But it will give you the
guidelines and assistance on how to select the proper wick.
Almost every aspect of your candle is a variable in selecting
the proper wick including but not limited to the wax formulation,
the diameter of your candle, scent load, color and even the
size of the opening of a container you may be using.
In fundamental terms the wick draws liquid wax from the
candle by capillary action and up into the flame where it
vaporizes. The challenge is to select the right wick to create
this phenomenon without having the negative aspects such
as sooting, mushrooming and wick drowning. To achieve the
most efficient burn you must match the wick to YOUR wax,
scent color and candle type.
question is always, with 144 different wicks to choose from
where do you begin? The starting point will depend on the
type of candle you are making. Let’s start with containers
since they represent the largest segment of the candles being
made. Some of the most popular wicks for containers are the
cored wick series which can encompass zinc, paper or cotton.
These particular wicks offer rigidity for a hot pour candle
process and in the case of paper and cotton are 100% natural.
The RRD series, which is a round wick, has woven in “tension
threads” which helps the wick curl in order to achieve
maximum combustion. When sized properly, it is a self-trimming
wick. The RRD series is very versatile in that it has the
necessary treatment to use in natural waxes, paraffin wax
and gel candles.
Another good wick series for containers is the HTP, which
is a flat braided wick with paper fibers woven into the wick.
These wicks are also versatile because of the treatment and
can be used with natural waxes, paraffin and gel candles.
We are not discounting the other good performing series
wicks such as the CD and the LX series. The challenge is
simply to find the right wick for your particular candle.
The CD wick is a flat braided wick containing special paper
filaments, which have been worked into the weaving process.
|At Candlewic you can customize the
wick to exactly what you need. Starting with the length
the wick the base and even the coating. You can get exactly
what you need when it comes to Pre-Wick assemblies. See
When making votives many of the above series work very well
with just a smaller wick size. Other considerations for Votives
may include the TL series, which also is very effective for
use in tea lights.
For the pillars, the square braided and flat braided are
some of the most common wicks used. Both of these wicks are
designed to curl in order to reduce the carbon build up during
the burning cycle of the candle. The Ply wick is most often
found in Tapers and the square braided is the preferred wick
when making beeswax candles.
Selecting the wick may sound like a daunting task but after
you start the process it does become slightly easier as you
will quickly learn the importance and impact the wick can
have on your candle.
As you can imagine, it is very difficult for us to cover
all that you need to know about choosing the proper wick
but our website, staff and even our catalog can provide you
with the resources you need to help you select the proper
wick. Our excellent staff is here to assist you in getting
on the road to better candle making but always keep in mind
you will have to test what will work best for your particular
Since we are on the topic of wicks I think
it is important to note that selecting the right wick
is also critical when making votives and containers.
There are a number of wick bases from which to choose...and
a number of numbers as well. Let me explain.
first number is the diameter of the clip, generally the
20 mm is the size of a nickel and the 15 mm is the size
of a dime.
The second number is the diameter of the neck or support.
|20 x 3 mm
||is the best selling and is very well
suited for votives and containers
|20 x 6 mm
||is the best selling for gels and some
paraffin candles especially when using 2 wicks
|20 x 9 mm or
15 x 9 mm
|should always be used when making gel
|33 x 3 mm
||is the perfect answer for the self-centering
clip on votives
Tips on Burning Candles
Reprinted from the NCA
|Never leave a burning candle
Never burn a candle on or near anything that can catch fire.
Keep candles out of the reach of children and pets.
Trim wicks to 1/4 inch prior to each use.
Keep candles away from drafts and vents.
Always use an appropriate candleholder placed on a stable, heat-resistant
Never touch or move a votive or container candle when the wax is