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May 18, 2017

Choosing the Best Wax for Your Project

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May 2017
With a newsletter dedicated to candle making, it's essential to feature different types of waxes and their potential applications.

When choosing the best wax for your project, there are many considerations. The first consideration has to be if you want to make a candle using a natural wax, paraffin wax or even something in between. The great thing about most candle waxes is that they are compatible with one another and you can mix various types of waxes together to create your own unique blend or rely on an already formulated product.

When choosing a natural wax, there are more choices than ever: soy, palm, beeswax, coconut oil wax and, now, coconut-apricot blend. The most popular natural wax is soy wax. Soy wax is domestically produced by U. S. farmers, the price point can be very attractive, no additives are required if using prescribed fragrance loads and best of all, with most containers, no topping off is required. Another benefit of soy wax is that it's sold in flakes, which makes it easy for measuring and handling.

Despite all the positive qualities, soy wax is not for everyone. This natural wax can fall short on one important aspect—the ability to deliver fragrance throw as effectively as other waxes. Using the proper processes and components, it's possible to produce candles that consumers will enjoy, but it is necessary to note that some consumers understand that soy wax will not deliver fragrance as effectively as paraffin wax candles. Also, soy wax can only be used to make container candles, not pillars or votives.

Another drawback to soy wax is that it has an extremely low melt point of 115-118°F, so shipping in warmer climates can be challenging if not unachievable.

For the right project, soy wax can be the perfect choice.
Soy Waxes for Container Candles
Candlewic Soy Wax 125
Soy Wax 125 is made with 100% natural soybeans that are domestically grown. Soy Wax 125 is a blend of soy and soybean oil that will hold higher fragrance loads than the Soy 120. Soy Wax 125 can be used without the addition of other ingredients but if you want higher fragrance loads, you might wish to consider adding either palm stearic or beewax to the blend for maximum performance.
Golden Wax 444 Soy Blend
Golden Wax 444 Soy Blend is composed of 98% soy wax with 2% natural additives. This wax mixes very well with paraffin wax. It has a higher melt point then the Golden Wax 464, which enables it to retain a higher FO load to give you a stronger scent throw.
Golden Wax 464 Soy Blend Wax
Golden Wax 464 Soy Blend has a lower melt point which helps with the burn and offers better glass adhesion. This wax contains soy-based additives that are both natural and kosher. The soy-based additives enable the wax to be poured at a higher temperature, reducing frosting and increasing FO load.
Cargill's NatureWax® C-3
Cargill's NatureWax® C-3 is rapidly becoming a favorite among candles makers. This wax is fully formulated by Cargill to meet today's demand for wax that is 100% natural, but will hold more fragrance. This is considered a wax premium in the industry and will exhibit better glass appearance than other natural wax formulation, resulting in less waste material.
New Coconut Waxes
Coconut Apricot Candle Wax
Coconut Apricot Candle Wax is a natural candle wax that is delightfully blended with coconut and apricot. This truly unique blend has a melting point of 129°F, which produces rich and smooth candles with great container adhesion. This unique candle blend helps promote good burning characteristics, minimum smoking and sooting, when the wick is sized correctly. While this wax is not packaged in flake form, it is the next best thing and sold in 1-pound blocks that will easily fit into a 4-lb pouring pot. This wax is a very forgiving wax with a great fragrance throw.
Coconut Oil Wax Blend
The 100% natural Coconut Oil Wax Blend has excellent fragrance throw, both hot and cold. This wax blend displays good burning characteristics with minimum smoking and sooting, when wick is sized properly. Coconut Oil Wax Blend has great adhesion to the side of glass jars and should only be used in containers.
Natural Waxes for Pillar Candles
The waxes featured thus far are only suited for container candles. If you would like to make pillar candles, then palm wax or beeswax are the best options for natural waxes. Both products may be used as single component, but if you want to include soy wax in the pillar candle, then you can mix soy wax with either of these products at fairly high level (ideally 40%+).

Crystallizing or Feathering Palm Waxes are complex blends of tropical oils that produce a beautiful, one-of-a-kind surface finish. Palm wax does require working at elevated temperatures and is ideally poured at 205-210°F, therefore, aluminum molds are recommended.
Soy-Paraffin Wax Blend
One of the growing trends in the candle market is to blend paraffin with soy waxes. This blend produces candles that include some natural ingredients, but with a better fragrance throw. Without doubt, the best wax for this application is the CBL-130. This is a unique blend of paraffin and soy that is designed for jar/container candles. This hybrid blend can offer single pour characteristics. The finish on these candles will be a smooth, soft and very opaque look, similar to pure soy wax.
CHANDLER'S CORNER
Hi. I'm Chandler.There are several questions that candle makers ask when it comes to soy or palm waxes. With soy wax, the question I receive most often is, "Is the soy wax GMO free?" The answer, unfortunately, none of the commercially available soy waxes are truly GMO free. When it comes to GMO (Genetically Modified Organism) concerns, more than 90% of the U. S. soybean crop has been genetically modified and is considered GMO. Therefore, it is extremely difficult and cost prohibitive to secure non-GMO soybeans. With palm waxes, the most frequent question is, "Is your palm wax harvested with the environment in mind?" The answer, our palm wax vendor is a member of the RSPO (Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil). Their goal is to promote the growth and use of certified sustainable palm oil (CSPO), in doing so, it aims to make sustainable palm oil the norm globally.
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