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The En-Light-ener
Candle Making Newsletter
 
 

Reacquainting Yourself with
Your Candle Wax Options

It is hard to believe that 2009 is well upon us. It should be a very interesting year for all of us with the current economic situation. As we have written in the past, candles are a very unique item as they relate to purchasing habits of consumers.

During the building booms consumer are buying new houses and candles are a natural extension of this transition. With new larger homes come more rooms to decorate and candles are always part of this decorating process. When consumers are not moving and staying home the trend is to "nest" and redecorate on a smaller scale. Again candles can fit this requirement as well. However, the challenge facing most consumers is a budget and value of each of their purchases. As candle makers the challenge is always to make products at the most cost effective means and continue to meet the changing buying habits of customers.

Our most common question: What do you have that is new?
One of the most common questions we get is; What do you have that is new? That is a very difficult question to answer in that the good and bad news is that candle making as a “whole” has not really changed for hundreds of years. Yes, the fragrances change, designs of pillar molds have changed and more recently textures in the finished candles have been introduced. But in many instances at the end of the day it is still a wax and wick which provides a very nice ambiance when lit. The delivery of fragrance, fitting in with a décor and size/shape of the candle are the features which truly drive the consumer to purchase the candle.

Reacquanting Yourself with Your Wax Options
We sometimes like to start the new year with a re-introduction of the types of waxes available and use of the waxes. The good thing about information like this is for many people just learning to make candles it is a great resource which summarizes all of the various waxes. For those that have been doing it a little longer sometimes a new wax or featured wax is identified.

In general we try to break the waxes into several categories:

  • straight waxes
  • blended waxes
  • natural Waxes
  • and then a subcategory of granulated waxe

Straight Wax for Candle Making
Soy Wax Straight waxes, also known as paraffin wax, do not have any additives and are what many blends start with. These are used in many other applications and in most instances the most cost-effective product. The type of candles you make will dictate the melt point of the wax you use.

For containers a melt point of 121-129 °F is ideal for this application. You can make a very good container by using any waxes with these melt points and then adding a very small (no more then 1%) of Vybar 260. To enhance the wax you can even add 5% of Micro 180 to this wax.

For votives the ideal wax melt point would be 130-142°F. You can make a nice votive by adding some Vybar 103 (no more then 1%) and maybe something like 5% Stearic Acid.

For pillars it is best to use waxes 137-150°F. If you plan on putting a great deal of fragrance adding something like vybar and Micro will make for an excellent formulation. The nice thing about using straight waxes is that you can constantly tweak your formula and find that special look. The other added advantage is that in most instances this will allow you to purchase at the most economical means.

Candle Wax Blends
If you are starting out and want to simplify your process then blends are the best way to go for your operation. Blends are a combination of the paraffin waxes and then various components such as Micro’s and Petrolatum’s are used. In most instances the manufacturer will not provide the formulation to the end user. Blends are an excellent option in that all you will need to do is add your color, fragrance and UV inhibitors.

The shortcomings of blends are that in most instances they have to be developed for a wide range of applications so if you are adding a little less fragrance then the manufacturer is recommending, you may not get the exact results you desire. Another flaw with blends is that if problems develop, it can be difficult to troubleshoot without knowing what the components of the particular blend.

The next category would be the Natural Waxes and we include in this selection Soy, Palm, Beeswax and Bayberry. Without doubt Soy wax is continuing to grow in popularity.

Soy Wax Soy Wax
The first wax we will feature is soy. Soy wax is simply hydrogenated soybean oil and the best application for this wax is in containers. When using soy wax it is important to note that there is definitely performance and appearance differences between paraffin wax and wax and soy wax.

  • First and foremost is the appearance of the candle. Soy wax in general produces candles that have a “flat” or pastel shade to the candle. This can play very well to the scents used; in the fall nothing is better than harvest colors and fragrances.
  • Soy wax will always require more dye to get to the desired color.
  • It is as close to one a pour wax as exists in the market. It will still require some topping off if poured too hot or if the container is too large.
  • Another very positive feature of the soy wax is that the pouring temperatures have less impact on the finished candle than paraffin waxes.
  • Depending on the scent load you are using, in most instances no special additives will be needed.

By now you have to be asking yourself if it is that good then why not just switch to this wax while I read this article? The main reason is that the scent throw that candle makers achieve with paraffin just cannot be at the same level when using soy wax. As these waxes get better at scent throw or fragrance companies improve the scent throw that can be achieved, the soy market will continue to grow.

Palm Wax
The other natural wax to consider would be the Palm wax. This wax is produced by hydrogenated Palm Oils. These waxes are great because of the unique textures which can be produced with these waxes. In most instances there is a crystallizing pattern which is available for both containers and freestanding candles. In addition there is a feathering pattern which is available for free standing candles.

One of the best natural waxes we offer is the CSP wax. This is an all natural blend of soy and palm wax which creates a very nice creamy finish. This wax is excellent for pillars, votives and tarts.

Beeswax Candles
The other natural wax which is commonly used and has been for hundreds of year is beeswax. This product is used in all type of candles including tapers, pillar, votives and even containers. Beeswax is one of the best all around waxes on the market.

Bayberry Wax
Soy WaxThe final wax is Bayberry and is derived from the bayberry bush and can be used at 100% or blended with beeswax. Bayberry wax offers you a very rich and unique smell. Bayberry tapers are traditionally burned during New Years. Bayberry is also used at many colonial, pioneer and other historical events.

A Note from Chandler:
Bayberry is on sale for a limited time for $9.25 per pound

Granulated Wax
The final type of wax which is used more for crafting and easy candle making is the granulated wax. This wax is a 140 Melt point paraffin that is formed into little beads. These beads can easily be poured into containers and a wick inserted for an instant candle. This activity is great if you own a candle shop, if you teach classes or when you do shows it is an activity the kids would want to do while the parents shop your candle selection.

No matter which wax you are currently using it always helps to know what options are available if you are adding another line or looking to change things up.

Hi! I'm Chandler!
I can help you
learn how to make candles.

CHANDLER'S CORNER

What is happening with wax pricing?

As many of you know I have been doing this for over 30 years and have never seen this type of volatility in the market place. The year of 2007 and most of 2008 represented the largest price increase we have ever seen in paraffin waxes. (You may want to check out our April 2008 article on the price increases). Unfortunately many expected as the crude oil prices fell that wax would automatically follow. But due to the demand and other facts in our April article, this did not start to occur until several weeks ago. As you may have seen our pricing did come down earlier this month. However, there is no further reductions that have been identified to date. This situation can change rapidly if the refineries begin to over produce or international pressures force the US producers to initiate further reductions. It is very hard at any level to determine what 2009 will hold. Many believe that unless some type of catastrophic event occurs, pricing should stay at these levels. However, just like the price of fuel going up in the past several weeks despite crude being down it is impossible to predict.

Soy pricing was extremely unstable in 2008. After reaching some highs in the summer it did start to decline in the last parts 2008 for a short time period. Despite everything going on in the market place there has been some upward pressure on this product. In the soy market this has always been a fluctuation up and down on pricing.

 


January 2009

Featured Project:
Tri-Color
Jar Candle

Soy Wax

Materials Needed

- 2 lb of Palm 1 wax
- Pouring pitcher
- Thermometer
- Burgundy liquid dye
  EVO-12
- Apothecary jar
- RRD-50 wick
- Wooden popsicle sticks

Step 1
Add 1 lb of the Palm 1 wax into the pouring pitcher.

Step 2
Clip the thermometer onto the top of the pouring pitcher with the thermometer inside.

Step 3
Place the wax filled pouring pitcher into a large pan of boiling water. This will create a double boiler for you to heat your wax. Do not allow the water to boil dry.

Heating wax on direct
heat can cause the wax
to overheat and possibly ignite.

NEVER HEAT WAX DIRECTLY ON A HEAT SOURCE.

Step 4
As the wax melts, monitor the temperature with the thermometer. For accuracy do not allow the bottom of the thermometer to touch the bottom or sides of the pouring pot. Tip the pouring pot until the bottom of the thermometer is covered with the liquid wax. When the wax temperature reaches 185° F add two teaspoons of the liquid EVO-12 Burgundy color and stir. 

Step 5
Now you are ready to pour the first layer into the Apothecary jar. Monitor the temperature making sure it is at the pouring temperature of 180° F. Pour the first layer of colored wax into your jar to a height of 1”. After approximately 5 minutes place the RRD-50 wick into the jar. Make sure the wick tab is centered on the bottom of the. The hot wax will cause the wick to lean so use wooden popsicle sticks or wooden coffee stirrers to prevent the wick from falling toward the sides of the jar. Place the stick across the top of the jar to support the wick. Two sticks may be needed. Place the wick between each stick until it is centered.

Step 6
Allow the wax to cool for approximately 3 hours or until the layer is solid and firm. 

Step 7
To prepare your second layer you will add 4 oz of Palm 1 wax to the colored wax that remains in your pour pitcher and repeat the melting and pouring process above (remember do not add any color).  We are increasing the wax amount so that the original color will decrease in intensity.

Step 8
Repeat the cooling time for the second layer.

Step 9
Last layer, add 4 oz. of Palm 1 wax to the remaining wax in the pour pitcher and repeat the melt and pour processes, making sure that the pour temp is at 180° F. Repeat the cooling process.

 

Watch It

Based on the numerous request from our customers we have started to have commissioned video’s on the various aspects of candle making.

These videos are a great way to get an idea of how easy some of the great candle making projects can be.

Our first video on rolling beeswax sheets was a tremendous hit and many customers thanked us for the great gifts they made after watching this video.

If you are looking for activities for any size group the Beeswax sheets are a great item.

After that video we moved on to making Soy wax containers. This one just launched and so far we have received many compliments.

Be sure to check out more as they are completed. All of these are FREE and a great resource to learn the basics on these projects.

Video: How to Make Beeswax Candles

Video: How to Make Soy Wax Candles

 

Clearance Items on eBay

At the end of 2008 we did a great deal of cleaning up and found some very nice products we used to offer.  Many of these can be found in our Ebay store.  Don't miss out on these great close out.  Hurry they are limited items.


Visit Our Store Now




We hope you enjoyed this issue of the En-Light-ener.
Thank you for your continued interest and support.
Our goal is to make this newsletter as entertaining and educational as possible.
Let us know if you have any ideas on how we can improve.

Candlewic Company
3765 Old Easton Road
Doylestown, Pennsylvania 18901
800-368-3352
 

Issue Index

March 2014 -- Pick a Wick and more...

February 2014 -- Soy-lutions and more...

January 2014 -- Jump Starting and more...

December 2013 -- A Year-End Thank YOU! and more...

November 2013 -- Choosing the Right Wax and more...

October 2013 -- Holiday Season Checklist and more...

September 2013 -- Choosing the Right Wax and more...

August 2013 -- Sunscreen For Your Candles and more...

June 2013 -- Tools of the Trade and more...

April 2013 -- Spring Is In The Air and more...

March 2013 -- To Be or Not to Be and more...

February 2013 -- Keeping Up With the Times and more...

January 2013 -- A New Year of Candle Making and more...

December 2012 -- The Twelve Tips of Candle Making and more...

November 2012 -- Managing Shipping Options, Luminary Candles and more...

October 2012 -- Resources for Candle Makers, Snowball Candles and more...

September 2012 -- Paraffin wax - Not Your Cup of Tea, One-Pour Tins and more...

August 2012 -- Choosing the Right Wax, Aluminum Molds and more...

July 2012 -- Candle Making Kits, Palm Wax Candles and more...

June 2012 -- Starting Your Own Candle Business, Grubby Candles and more...

May 2012 -- Three Step Guide to Show Success, Candle making Without Melting and more...

April 2012 -- With Every Season, a Change in Process and more...

March 2012 -- The Whole Ball of Wax and more...

February 2012 -- Choosing the Right Color and more...

January 2012 -- Time for Your Yearly Checkup - Candle Business Style and more...

December 2011 -- The Twelve Tips of Candle Making, and more...

November 2011 -- Our Candle Making Wish List, Holiday Luminaries, and more...

October 2011 -- Overlooked But Definitely Not Overrated, Making votives with votive pins, and more...

September 2011 -- Time to Light a Fire for Your Business, What to do with extra candle wax, and more...

August 2011 -- All About Candle Additives, Ice Candle Project, and more...

July 2011 -- Create Unique and Trendy Candles, Taper Candles Using Polyurethane Molds, and more...

June 2011 -- Use Summertime To Improve Your Candle Making Business, Floral Pillar Candles Project, and more...

May 2011 -- Getting Your Candle Making Business Online, About Aluminum Molds, and more...

April 2011 -- Choosing the Right Soy Wax, Making Scented Votives and Floaters, and more...

March 2011 -- 5 Valuable Tips for Starting a Candle Making Business, Making Dipped Tapers, and more...

February 2011 -- Advice on Selecting Candle Wicks, Add That Finishing Touch, and more...

January 2011 -- First Impression Is Everything in Selling Candles, One-Pour Tins, and more...

December 2010 -- The Twelve Tips of Candle Making and more...

November 2010 -- Wish List for Candle Making, How to Make Grubby Candles, and more...

October 2010 -- Getting to the Next Level, Making Mottled Candles, and more...

September 2010 -- Five Tips to Make Customers Fall In Love With Your Candles, Veggie Dip Candles, and more...

August 2010 -- Back to Candle Making, Summer Sand Candles

July 2010 -- Are You Selecting the Right Wax?, Beeswax Pillar Candles, and more...

June 2010 -- 5 Free (or low cost) Business Growth Candle Making Business Resources, Vegetable Wax Candles, and more...

May 2010 -- Create Your White Castle Opportunity, No Melting Required Candle Project, and more...

April 2010 -- How To Reduce, Reuse and Recycle When Making Candles, What To Do With Extra Candle Wax, and more...

March 2010 -- Why Color Is Important, Making Streak Candles Project, and more...

February 2010 -- Pillar Candles - What's Old Is New, Making Palm Wax Candles, and more...

January 2010 -- New Year, New Decade and New Candle Making Tactics, Textured Candle Project, and more...

December 2009 -- 12 Tips of Candle Making, and more...

November 2009 -- Tom Turkey on Candle Making, Candle Kits vs Buying Indidual Supplies, and more...

October 2009 -- Taking the Scary out of Candle Making, Snowball Candle Project, and more...

September 2009 -- 4 Quick Tips to Improve Your Candle Line, Layered Candle Project, and more...

August 2009 -- Is Big Always Better?, Cookie Cutter Candle Making Project, and more...

July 2009 -- How to Set Candle Prices, All Natural Beeswax Garden Flare Candle Making Project, and more...

June 2009 -- 5 Tips for Avoiding Margin Drain, Tri-Color Candle Making Project, and more...

May 2009 -- How To Select a Candle Wick, Chunk Candle Making Project, and more...

April 2009 -- Candle Making Ideas for Summer, Candle Making Projects, and more...

March 2009 -- Mold Techniques in Candle Making, A Simple Candle Project, and more...

February 2009 -- Setting the Right Mood Year Round, Tealight Candle Project, and more...

January 2009 -- Reacquainting Yourself with Candle Making Waxes, Tri-Color Candle Project, and more...

December 2008 -- 12 Days of the Candle Making Business, Candle Making Projects, and more...

November 2008 -- Candle Making Business Cliches, Miracle Molding Material Projects, and more...

October 2008 -- Candle Making Terms Explained, How To Make Mottling Candles, and more...

September 2008 -- Adding on to Your Candle Lines, How To Make Candle Luminaries, and more...

August 2008 -- Candles & Their Fragrances, How To Make Pillar Candles, and more...

July 2008 -- Sunscreen For Your Candles, How To Make Dipped Tapers, and more...

June 2008 -- Fall Candle Season Starts Now, Extraordinary Candle Making Project, and more...

May 2008 -- Green Candle Making, Green Candle Projects, and more...

April 2008 -- Recent Candle Industry Price Increases, Aluminum Mold Candle Project, and more...

March 2008 -- Straight Wax, Exciting New Candle Making Products, and more...

February 2008 -- Business Side of Candle Making, Ice Candle Project, and more...

January 2008 -- Basics of Blended Wax Candles, Rose Floater Candle Project, and more...

December 2007 -- 12 Days of Business, 2007 Candle Making Projects, and more...

November 2007 -- Show Time for Candle Making, Making Snow Candles, and more...

October 2007 -- Ready, Set, GO candle making, Candle Luminaries, and more...

September 2007 -- GREENING Your Product Line and Your Bottom Line…, One-Pour Candle Tins, and more...

August 2007 -- Candle Making's Center of Focus, Making Streak Candles, and more...

July 2007 -- The Latest in Candle Making Products, Votive Candle Project, and more...

June 2007 -- Setting Your Candles' Sale Price, Summer Candle Projects, and more...

May 2007 -- Determining Your Candle Making Costs, Using Extra Candle Wax, and more...

April 2007 -- Natural Wax Buzz Part 2, Layered natural candles, and more...

March 2007--Crucial details of candle making, Candle projects with no melting required, and more...

February 2007--How to choose a candle making mold, Making custom candle molds, and more...

January 2007--"Green" Candle Making, tri-color jar candle project, and more...

December 2006--Looking into the candle making future, 2006 candle projects, and more...

November 2006--Introducing...a candle making introduction, candle projects, and more...

October 2006--Prime time: candle wicks, taper candle projects, and more...

September 2006--Clearly still here:Gel candle making, one-pour tins, and more...

August 2006--Fragrance - the driving force of candle making, a new contest, and more...

July 2006--Planning your production, using granulated wax, and more...

June 2006--Our 35th Year, using aluminum candle molds, how much candle fragrance to use, and more...

May 2006--Summertime candle making, making natural lemon candles and more...

April 2006--Choose the candle wick, making tealight candles and more...

March 2006--Choose the right wick base, blending soy wax with paraffin, making palm wax candles and more...

February 2006--The roll of wax additives in a blended wax world, UV additives, making grubby candles and more...

January 2006--The secrets of soy wax candles, more ways to use candles, making soy wax container candles and more...

December 2005--Planning for the new year, announcing our new home, secrets about wicks, and more...

November 2005--Holiday candle making, ideas to sell more candles, making luminaries and more...

October 2005--Temperture issues when making candles, how to start making candles and more...

September 2005--Choose the right candle mold, ASTM safety standards, and more...

August 2005--Color and Fragrance trends, choosing the right candle making tools, and more...

July 2005--Planning for efficient production, Marketing your Candles, Making Swirl Candles, and more...

June 2005--New market trends in candle shapes and textures, Making Textured Candles, and more...

May 2005--The trends and science of candle fragrances, Making Mottled Candles, and more...

April 2005--How to select the proper candle wick, Top Colors, Making "Earthy" Chunk Candles, and more...

March 2005--Selecting the right wax Part III, Our Top Waxes, Making Floral Candles, Our History and more...

February 2005--Selecting the right wax Part II, Our Top Fragrances, Making Fruit Candles and more...

January 2005--Selecting the right wax, Using blended wax, Coloring wax, Making Layered Jar Candles and more...

December 2004--All about candle making fragrances, Making Grubby Candles and more...

November 2004--Choosing Color for your candle making, Making snowball candles and more...

October 2004--Candle Making Busy Season, Making Palm Wax Candles, Speeding Up Candle Production and more...

September 2004--Candle Wax Melters, Making Sense of your Candle Scents, Making Taper Candles and more...

August 2004--Getting Ready For The Season, Using Votive Pins To Make Votive Candles, No Melt Candle Making and more...

July 2004--Some History & What's New, Paraffin Myths, Making Golf Ball Candles and more...

June 2004--Choosing the Right Candle Wax for Your Needs, Making One-Pour Tins and more...

May 2004--Investigating New Products, Burn Testing, Making Freestanding Gel Pillars & Novelties and more...

April 2004--Candle Making Trends, Rolled Candles with Beeswax Sheets, Making Taper Candles and more...

March 2004--Color Theory & Techniques, Floating Candle Molds, Making Tealight Candles and more...

February 2004--Mold Techniques, Computers and Candlemaking, Making Easter Egg Chunk Candles and more...

January 2004--Marketing Natural Wax and Paraffin Candles, Layering Natural Wax Candles and more...

December 2003--Holiday Greetings, 2003 Year in Review, The 6 P's, Making Icicle Candles and more...

November 2003--Building Your Candle Product Line, Making Holiday Ornaments & Soap-on-a-Wick and more...

October 2003--Marketing Your Candles, Polyurethane Molds, Making Lemon Candles, and more...

September 2003--Packaging & Labeling, Essential Oils, Making Rolled Pillars with Beeswax Sheets, and more...

August 2003--Using Palm Wax, Increasing Your Profit Margins, Using Aluminum Molds, and more...

July 2003--Ultra Violet Light Absorbers, Reducing Shipping Costs, Dipping Techniques, and more...

June 2003--Choosing the Right Wick, Using a Wick Stick, Making Floater Candles, and more...

May 2003--New Products Review, Pouring Temperatures, Finishes For Your Candles, and more...

April 2003--Selecting Paraffin, Natural and “Hybrid” Waxes, Using Pillar Pins, and more...

March 2003--Selling & Marketing Candles, Making it Easier to Make Pillars, Wax Art Crystals and more...

February 2003--Pouring Temperatures, Votive Tips, Making Grubby Candles, and more...

January 2003--Candle Making Safety Tips, Instruction Labels, What To Do With Extra Wax and more...

December 2002--Polycarbonate Molds, Making Clear Snowball Candles, and more...

November 2002--Candle Making as a Second Language, The Story of Chandler, Natural F Wax, and more...

October 2002--Candle Making as a Second Language, Projects Review and more...

September 2002--Accessorizing Your Manufacturing, Making Clear Pillar Candles, and more...

July/August 2002--Making Cinnamon Roll Candles, Clear Pillar Base, New Products, and more...

May/June 2002--Back to Basics, Making F Wax Candles, and more...

April 2002--Making Streaked Candles, Wax 101 part 3: Natural Wax, and more...

March 2002--Making Crackled Candles, Wax 101 part 2: Gel Wax, and more...

February 2002--Making Easter Egg Candles, Wax 101: An Overview, and more...

January 2002 --Review of 2001, Frosty Snowman Candles, New Products, Safety Info and more...

December 2001--Botanical candles, making white candles white and more...

November 2001--Chunk candles, clearance sale!, candlemaking books and more...

October 2001--The new candle market, choosing gels, votive wicks and more...

August 2001--New products, new location , new web site and more...

July 2001--Selling & Marketing Candles (part 3), Candle Burn Times and more...

June 2001--Selling & Marketing Candles (part 2), UV Light Absorbers, Wax Additive Recommendations and more...

May 2001--Selling & Marketing Candles, Burning Instructions, Selecting Sustainer Bases and more...

April 2001--Natural Waxes, Candle Burn Times, Wax Pouring Temperatures and more...

March 2001--Making Wax Inserts, Blended vs. Non-Blended Waxes, Colors, Fragrances and more...

February 2001--Whipped Wax, Wax Art Crystal Wax, Gel Candles, Using Containers and more...

 

 

 


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The Candlewic Company

Supplies the candle making industry with candle making kits, molds and accessories including candle wax, gel, and wicks.

3765 Old Easton Road
Doylestown, Pennsylvania 18901
800-368-3352 | Local: 215-230-3601
Fax: 215-230-3606

info@candlewic.com




Official Distributors of: Penreco Candle Gels
Members: IGCA, National Candle Association



Candle making supplies

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