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Candle Making Newsletter
 
 

Straight Wax

The topic of wax is one that has to come up in any discussion regarding candle making. Unfortunately, right now with oil prices where they are, the discussions on wax is not always cheerful. In the January issue of the Enlightener, we focused on using blended waxes; this month we will feature “straight wax.”

These waxes consist mostly of straight chain hydrocarbons ranging in melt points from 120°F to 160°F. In the candle world, most people refer to a wax that has no additives as a straight wax. It is also important to note that some times terms like paraffin wax, wax and candle wax generally are used interchangeably. While certain candles can be made with straight waxes, the reality is if you are scenting, coloring or trying to achieve a specific look, then an additive of some type will need to be part of the formulation. Many beginners ask the question of why use a straight wax when the blends are so much easier to use. This is an excellent question and based on sales, it appears most people find the blends too simple to pass up.

Formulating Your Own Blend

The task of formulating your own blend at the beginning can be daunting, but the end result will pay dividends in the long run. In the beginning, developing a wax formulation is a little bit of art, science and personal taste. The end result in most instances is something slightly different than what blended waxes can offer and allows you to continually improve your candle. The type of base wax you would use will vary depending on the type of candle being made. Common candles and the melt points can be found in the chart below.  

Containers
120-130 °F Melt point
Votives
128-140 °F Melt Point
Pillars
140-150 °F Melt Point
Cut-n-Carve
139-145 °F Melt Point
Tapers   
140-144 °F Melt Point

There is good reason why the ranges identified should be followed where possible. For example, in the case of the containers, if you get much above a 130°F melt point, finding a single wick to burn a 4” diameter glass can be difficult. If you use too low a melt point for a pillar, then in warmer weather the candle may start to sag or lose shape if the home gets too warm. If you use too low of a melt point in a container, during shipping the wax may leak out, if the candle is put on its side.

Adding Additives

Once you have found the base/straight wax you wish to use for your specific application, the next step is to determine which and how much of a particular additive to use. While you could really drive yourself crazy with the number of additives on the market, the reality of it is that most formulations have two to three types of additives. The formulation you settle on might even just have one additive, it all depends on the look and performance you are attempting to achieve.

Right now the most popular additives of choice are the Vybars (103 and 260), microcrystallines and petrolatum. Without doubt, the Vybar family is the most common additive used and in most instances usage at levels of 1/2% can achieve great results. Vybar is good for holding fragrance in the candle, adding vibrancy to the candle and, when needed, raising the melt point. The micros can help hold the fragrance, add opacity and, when used in containers, can help with adhesion. In most instances, 3 percent to 7 percent is used. In the case of petrolatum this will help reduce shrinkage, adhere to the container and can help the wax hold fragrance. To achieve, this petrolatum must be used in 10 percent to 30 percent levels.

There are definitely other additives which can provide some good benefits to the candle. These can include Stearic Acid (Stearine) and C-15. Another growing trend is to blend natural waxes with straight paraffin wax.

Benefits of Your Own Formulation

By now you must be thinking that is a lot of work and/or effort, why go through this? One of the most compelling reasons might be the cost. Blends are developed for many different applications and in most instances, developed to hold a great deal of fragrance and therefore might be more than you would need. By developing your own formulation you are not overpaying for a blend that might have additives that your particular candle does not need. In addition to extra additives there is a premium charged by the maker whenever they sell a blend.

The second reason to have your formulation is that you can create your own look and change it throughout the year/season. Some candle makers like to have a candle that has vibrant colors for their spring and summer line, but do like darker, more opaque colors for the fall and holiday line. This can be easily accomplished by the use of additives while keeping the same base wax.

One final reason some people like straight waxes is if the manufacturer of the blend decides to discontinue that particular blend they are back to square one. With blends, even if the base wax is discontinued, switching to a different wax can be easier. No doubt that blended waxes have been a tremendous addition to the candle industry, but for many manufacturers, blending their own formulation has always been, and will always be, the way to go.

 

Hi! I'm Chandler!
I can help you
learn how to make candles.

CHANDLER'S CORNER

With so many different types of coloring methods to choose from, how do I know which one is best for my application? 

The three most common forms of coloring candles are blocks, liquid and powder. Any of these types of coloring are suitable when making paraffin wax candles.

In general, the blocks are good for mixing in smaller batches (less than 100 pounds). They are easy to work with and produce very nice results. As your batches get larger, the cost of the blocks can become expensive in some instances.

If mixing in larger batches, the liquid dyes are a little more cost effective and should result in better consistency when measured properly. The liquid dyes also blend very well with the wax.

The powder dyes are generally the most concentrated and therefore the most cost effective way to color a candle. However, they are very difficult to measure in smaller quantities.

It is imperative if you are making solid burning candles that you do not use pigment dyes. Pigment dyes should only be used in cut-n-carve operations and over dips. If coloring gel candles only, then liquid dyes should be used.




March 2008

New and
Exciting Products

There are many new and exciting products which have been developed to make any of your candle making projects easier or to improve the performance of the finished candle. One of the more important issues we write about is the need to keep the wick as straight as possible. There are now products available to help accomplish this in pillars, containers and votives.

The M-63-P Votive Pin - A pin that pops right into the votive mold. You then pour your wax into the mold and when you finish topping off and the candle is ready to take out you just slide the candle out, remove the votive pin and slide a pre-wick assembly in the formed wick hole. Not only does it ensure the wick will be centered through the candle, but also lets you use any type of wick in it that will not fall over during production. These pins will last you for many pours.

CPP-1, CPP-2 and CPP-3 - Similar to the votive pin but instead these pins slide in from the outside of the aluminum mold and will form a hole for a pre-wick assembly to slide into the candle. These pins should only be used for the round aluminum molds. These pins will again ensure your wick is centered through the candle.

WS-1 Wick Stick - This stick is a lifesaver when trying to keep your wick centered in containers. You merely take your pre-wick assembly, slide it into the tube, stick a glue dot on the bottom of the sustainer and then place the wick stick into the container and apply pressure so the glue dot sticks to the bottom of the glass. Before the wax hardens, remove the wick stick and top off your candle. This product should only be used on waxes that require topping off and is not good for soy, one pour and gel waxes.

M-503 Bow Tie Wick Clip - This is a great item to help keep your wicks centered through the candle. You merely take your pre-wick assembly apply a glue dot and center in the jar and then put this part on top of the jar and put your wick in the center hole. Or if you are using two wicks, this device will also help you place the two wicks in the right location. The unique construction allows it to be used in many different diameters of containers. For best results the glue dots should be used with this part. In addition you will need to use pre-wick assemblies that are at least the height of the jar you are filling.

M-504 Plastic Jar Cap - Similar to the bow tie, this item will help you keep your wicks straight in the standard apothecary jars. This device also can help when using multiple wicks. The drawback to this part is that it can only be used with jars with 3” diameter openings. (You will be surprised how many jars are 3” in the opening.) . In addition you will need to use pre-wick assemblies that are at least the height of the jar you are filling.

GD-1 Glue Dots- A must when using the bow tie clip or plastic jar cap. These glue dots adhere the base of your wick assemblies to the bottom of your jar or container to keep them in place while pouring. These uniform dots will help keep the wicks in place at the bottom of the container will the bow tie and plastic cap will help keep it centered on top.

 

Top 10
Fragrances

Cinnamon (S-9)

Maple Butter
(US-78)

Snickerdoodle
(US-88)

Red Apple Peel
(US-4)

Storm Watch
(US-7)

Lemon Grass Sage
(US-60)

Vanilla
(S-43)

Apple Pie
(S-93)

Spa
(US-112)

Love Spell
(US-147)


We hope you enjoyed this issue of the En-Light-ener.
Thank you for your continued interest and support.
Our goal is to make this newsletter as entertaining and educational as possible.
Let us know if you have any ideas on how we can improve.

Candlewic Company
3765 Old Easton Road
Doylestown, Pennsylvania 18901
800-368-3352
Hablo Español
800-368-3352
Sandra

 



Issue Index

April 2014 -- Is it Right? and more....

March 2014 -- Pick a Wick and more...

February 2014 -- Soy-lutions and more...

January 2014 -- Jump Starting and more...

December 2013 -- A Year-End Thank YOU! and more...

November 2013 -- Choosing the Right Wax and more...

October 2013 -- Holiday Season Checklist and more...

September 2013 -- Choosing the Right Wax and more...

August 2013 -- Sunscreen For Your Candles and more...

June 2013 -- Tools of the Trade and more...

April 2013 -- Spring Is In The Air and more...

March 2013 -- To Be or Not to Be and more...

February 2013 -- Keeping Up With the Times and more...

January 2013 -- A New Year of Candle Making and more...

December 2012 -- The Twelve Tips of Candle Making and more...

November 2012 -- Managing Shipping Options, Luminary Candles and more...

October 2012 -- Resources for Candle Makers, Snowball Candles and more...

September 2012 -- Paraffin wax - Not Your Cup of Tea, One-Pour Tins and more...

August 2012 -- Choosing the Right Wax, Aluminum Molds and more...

July 2012 -- Candle Making Kits, Palm Wax Candles and more...

June 2012 -- Starting Your Own Candle Business, Grubby Candles and more...

May 2012 -- Three Step Guide to Show Success, Candle making Without Melting and more...

April 2012 -- With Every Season, a Change in Process and more...

March 2012 -- The Whole Ball of Wax and more...

February 2012 -- Choosing the Right Color and more...

January 2012 -- Time for Your Yearly Checkup - Candle Business Style and more...

December 2011 -- The Twelve Tips of Candle Making, and more...

November 2011 -- Our Candle Making Wish List, Holiday Luminaries, and more...

October 2011 -- Overlooked But Definitely Not Overrated, Making votives with votive pins, and more...

September 2011 -- Time to Light a Fire for Your Business, What to do with extra candle wax, and more...

August 2011 -- All About Candle Additives, Ice Candle Project, and more...

July 2011 -- Create Unique and Trendy Candles, Taper Candles Using Polyurethane Molds, and more...

June 2011 -- Use Summertime To Improve Your Candle Making Business, Floral Pillar Candles Project, and more...

May 2011 -- Getting Your Candle Making Business Online, About Aluminum Molds, and more...

April 2011 -- Choosing the Right Soy Wax, Making Scented Votives and Floaters, and more...

March 2011 -- 5 Valuable Tips for Starting a Candle Making Business, Making Dipped Tapers, and more...

February 2011 -- Advice on Selecting Candle Wicks, Add That Finishing Touch, and more...

January 2011 -- First Impression Is Everything in Selling Candles, One-Pour Tins, and more...

December 2010 -- The Twelve Tips of Candle Making and more...

November 2010 -- Wish List for Candle Making, How to Make Grubby Candles, and more...

October 2010 -- Getting to the Next Level, Making Mottled Candles, and more...

September 2010 -- Five Tips to Make Customers Fall In Love With Your Candles, Veggie Dip Candles, and more...

August 2010 -- Back to Candle Making, Summer Sand Candles

July 2010 -- Are You Selecting the Right Wax?, Beeswax Pillar Candles, and more...

June 2010 -- 5 Free (or low cost) Business Growth Candle Making Business Resources, Vegetable Wax Candles, and more...

May 2010 -- Create Your White Castle Opportunity, No Melting Required Candle Project, and more...

April 2010 -- How To Reduce, Reuse and Recycle When Making Candles, What To Do With Extra Candle Wax, and more...

March 2010 -- Why Color Is Important, Making Streak Candles Project, and more...

February 2010 -- Pillar Candles - What's Old Is New, Making Palm Wax Candles, and more...

January 2010 -- New Year, New Decade and New Candle Making Tactics, Textured Candle Project, and more...

December 2009 -- 12 Tips of Candle Making, and more...

November 2009 -- Tom Turkey on Candle Making, Candle Kits vs Buying Indidual Supplies, and more...

October 2009 -- Taking the Scary out of Candle Making, Snowball Candle Project, and more...

September 2009 -- 4 Quick Tips to Improve Your Candle Line, Layered Candle Project, and more...

August 2009 -- Is Big Always Better?, Cookie Cutter Candle Making Project, and more...

July 2009 -- How to Set Candle Prices, All Natural Beeswax Garden Flare Candle Making Project, and more...

June 2009 -- 5 Tips for Avoiding Margin Drain, Tri-Color Candle Making Project, and more...

May 2009 -- How To Select a Candle Wick, Chunk Candle Making Project, and more...

April 2009 -- Candle Making Ideas for Summer, Candle Making Projects, and more...

March 2009 -- Mold Techniques in Candle Making, A Simple Candle Project, and more...

February 2009 -- Setting the Right Mood Year Round, Tealight Candle Project, and more...

January 2009 -- Reacquainting Yourself with Candle Making Waxes, Tri-Color Candle Project, and more...

December 2008 -- 12 Days of the Candle Making Business, Candle Making Projects, and more...

November 2008 -- Candle Making Business Cliches, Miracle Molding Material Projects, and more...

October 2008 -- Candle Making Terms Explained, How To Make Mottling Candles, and more...

September 2008 -- Adding on to Your Candle Lines, How To Make Candle Luminaries, and more...

August 2008 -- Candles & Their Fragrances, How To Make Pillar Candles, and more...

July 2008 -- Sunscreen For Your Candles, How To Make Dipped Tapers, and more...

June 2008 -- Fall Candle Season Starts Now, Extraordinary Candle Making Project, and more...

May 2008 -- Green Candle Making, Green Candle Projects, and more...

April 2008 -- Recent Candle Industry Price Increases, Aluminum Mold Candle Project, and more...

March 2008 -- Straight Wax, Exciting New Candle Making Products, and more...

February 2008 -- Business Side of Candle Making, Ice Candle Project, and more...

January 2008 -- Basics of Blended Wax Candles, Rose Floater Candle Project, and more...

December 2007 -- 12 Days of Business, 2007 Candle Making Projects, and more...

November 2007 -- Show Time for Candle Making, Making Snow Candles, and more...

October 2007 -- Ready, Set, GO candle making, Candle Luminaries, and more...

September 2007 -- GREENING Your Product Line and Your Bottom Line…, One-Pour Candle Tins, and more...

August 2007 -- Candle Making's Center of Focus, Making Streak Candles, and more...

July 2007 -- The Latest in Candle Making Products, Votive Candle Project, and more...

June 2007 -- Setting Your Candles' Sale Price, Summer Candle Projects, and more...

May 2007 -- Determining Your Candle Making Costs, Using Extra Candle Wax, and more...

April 2007 -- Natural Wax Buzz Part 2, Layered natural candles, and more...

March 2007--Crucial details of candle making, Candle projects with no melting required, and more...

February 2007--How to choose a candle making mold, Making custom candle molds, and more...

January 2007--"Green" Candle Making, tri-color jar candle project, and more...

December 2006--Looking into the candle making future, 2006 candle projects, and more...

November 2006--Introducing...a candle making introduction, candle projects, and more...

October 2006--Prime time: candle wicks, taper candle projects, and more...

September 2006--Clearly still here:Gel candle making, one-pour tins, and more...

August 2006--Fragrance - the driving force of candle making, a new contest, and more...

July 2006--Planning your production, using granulated wax, and more...

June 2006--Our 35th Year, using aluminum candle molds, how much candle fragrance to use, and more...

May 2006--Summertime candle making, making natural lemon candles and more...

April 2006--Choose the candle wick, making tealight candles and more...

March 2006--Choose the right wick base, blending soy wax with paraffin, making palm wax candles and more...

February 2006--The roll of wax additives in a blended wax world, UV additives, making grubby candles and more...

January 2006--The secrets of soy wax candles, more ways to use candles, making soy wax container candles and more...

December 2005--Planning for the new year, announcing our new home, secrets about wicks, and more...

November 2005--Holiday candle making, ideas to sell more candles, making luminaries and more...

October 2005--Temperture issues when making candles, how to start making candles and more...

September 2005--Choose the right candle mold, ASTM safety standards, and more...

August 2005--Color and Fragrance trends, choosing the right candle making tools, and more...

July 2005--Planning for efficient production, Marketing your Candles, Making Swirl Candles, and more...

June 2005--New market trends in candle shapes and textures, Making Textured Candles, and more...

May 2005--The trends and science of candle fragrances, Making Mottled Candles, and more...

April 2005--How to select the proper candle wick, Top Colors, Making "Earthy" Chunk Candles, and more...

March 2005--Selecting the right wax Part III, Our Top Waxes, Making Floral Candles, Our History and more...

February 2005--Selecting the right wax Part II, Our Top Fragrances, Making Fruit Candles and more...

January 2005--Selecting the right wax, Using blended wax, Coloring wax, Making Layered Jar Candles and more...

December 2004--All about candle making fragrances, Making Grubby Candles and more...

November 2004--Choosing Color for your candle making, Making snowball candles and more...

October 2004--Candle Making Busy Season, Making Palm Wax Candles, Speeding Up Candle Production and more...

September 2004--Candle Wax Melters, Making Sense of your Candle Scents, Making Taper Candles and more...

August 2004--Getting Ready For The Season, Using Votive Pins To Make Votive Candles, No Melt Candle Making and more...

July 2004--Some History & What's New, Paraffin Myths, Making Golf Ball Candles and more...

June 2004--Choosing the Right Candle Wax for Your Needs, Making One-Pour Tins and more...

May 2004--Investigating New Products, Burn Testing, Making Freestanding Gel Pillars & Novelties and more...

April 2004--Candle Making Trends, Rolled Candles with Beeswax Sheets, Making Taper Candles and more...

March 2004--Color Theory & Techniques, Floating Candle Molds, Making Tealight Candles and more...

February 2004--Mold Techniques, Computers and Candlemaking, Making Easter Egg Chunk Candles and more...

January 2004--Marketing Natural Wax and Paraffin Candles, Layering Natural Wax Candles and more...

December 2003--Holiday Greetings, 2003 Year in Review, The 6 P's, Making Icicle Candles and more...

November 2003--Building Your Candle Product Line, Making Holiday Ornaments & Soap-on-a-Wick and more...

October 2003--Marketing Your Candles, Polyurethane Molds, Making Lemon Candles, and more...

September 2003--Packaging & Labeling, Essential Oils, Making Rolled Pillars with Beeswax Sheets, and more...

August 2003--Using Palm Wax, Increasing Your Profit Margins, Using Aluminum Molds, and more...

July 2003--Ultra Violet Light Absorbers, Reducing Shipping Costs, Dipping Techniques, and more...

June 2003--Choosing the Right Wick, Using a Wick Stick, Making Floater Candles, and more...

May 2003--New Products Review, Pouring Temperatures, Finishes For Your Candles, and more...

April 2003--Selecting Paraffin, Natural and “Hybrid” Waxes, Using Pillar Pins, and more...

March 2003--Selling & Marketing Candles, Making it Easier to Make Pillars, Wax Art Crystals and more...

February 2003--Pouring Temperatures, Votive Tips, Making Grubby Candles, and more...

January 2003--Candle Making Safety Tips, Instruction Labels, What To Do With Extra Wax and more...

December 2002--Polycarbonate Molds, Making Clear Snowball Candles, and more...

November 2002--Candle Making as a Second Language, The Story of Chandler, Natural F Wax, and more...

October 2002--Candle Making as a Second Language, Projects Review and more...

September 2002--Accessorizing Your Manufacturing, Making Clear Pillar Candles, and more...

July/August 2002--Making Cinnamon Roll Candles, Clear Pillar Base, New Products, and more...

May/June 2002--Back to Basics, Making F Wax Candles, and more...

April 2002--Making Streaked Candles, Wax 101 part 3: Natural Wax, and more...

March 2002--Making Crackled Candles, Wax 101 part 2: Gel Wax, and more...

February 2002--Making Easter Egg Candles, Wax 101: An Overview, and more...

January 2002 --Review of 2001, Frosty Snowman Candles, New Products, Safety Info and more...

December 2001--Botanical candles, making white candles white and more...

November 2001--Chunk candles, clearance sale!, candlemaking books and more...

October 2001--The new candle market, choosing gels, votive wicks and more...

August 2001--New products, new location , new web site and more...

July 2001--Selling & Marketing Candles (part 3), Candle Burn Times and more...

June 2001--Selling & Marketing Candles (part 2), UV Light Absorbers, Wax Additive Recommendations and more...

May 2001--Selling & Marketing Candles, Burning Instructions, Selecting Sustainer Bases and more...

April 2001--Natural Waxes, Candle Burn Times, Wax Pouring Temperatures and more...

March 2001--Making Wax Inserts, Blended vs. Non-Blended Waxes, Colors, Fragrances and more...

February 2001--Whipped Wax, Wax Art Crystal Wax, Gel Candles, Using Containers and more...

 

 


 


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The Candlewic Company

Supplies the candle making industry with candle making kits, molds and accessories including candle wax, gel, and wicks.

3765 Old Easton Road
Doylestown, Pennsylvania 18901
800-368-3352 | Local: 215-230-3601
Fax: 215-230-3606

info@candlewic.com




Official Distributors of: Penreco Candle Gels
Members: IGCA, National Candle Association



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