En-Light-ener" December 2001
Candle Making Newsletter
to the En-light-ener, Candlewic's newsletter for the candle making
hard to believe that another year is drawing to a close. It seems
we just all started selling our Holiday products last week.
to remind everyone that we will be holding our first ever "Clearance
Sale" at our Ottsville facility. This 3-day sale (December 26-December
28) will feature over 500,000 pre-wick assemblies at $10.00 per
thousand, thousands of molds, different forms of waxes (granulated,
1-pound blocks colored slabs, etc.) and all of our standard waxes
will be on sale at special pricing. If you are within driving
distance, we encourage you to attend this first ever event.
have been identifying in the last several issues of this newsletter,
year-end activity can be a very important time for many candle
companies to evaluate the types of candles produced, production
capacity and the means in which these candles are produced.
the course of the year we have identified how to make various
types of candles, the differences between types of waxes (blends
vs. straight paraffins) and many other important topics related
to candle making. This issue will feature the basics on making
a botanical candle and we look forward to progressing to other
types of candles throughout 2002.
MAKING BOTANICAL (DOUBLE POUR) CANDLES
making this type of candle, it is important to ensure that it
is made as safely as possible. Making a botanical candle is generally
a 4-step process. The first step is to make the "core" or a pillar,
generally one which is 3" x 3-1/2". This candle can be made using
a 131 F melt wax with some stearic or white coloring. The reason
is that you want this candle to be white to offer a contrast
to the outer shell. It is also important to size the wick to
only burn this candle about 2-1/2" inches across. When this candle
is finished, remove it from the mold leaving extra wick on the
candle so that is may be threaded through the wick hole on the
4" x 4-1/2" mold. Thus far, the process used to make this candle
is no different than as if you were making a standard pillar.
second step is to take the completed 3" candle and center this
candle into a 4" diameter candle mold. Once this is centered,
you then insert the desired objects between the candle and the
mold. (Getting the embeds in the exact area you desire will take
some practice.) Once you have all the embed objects inserted
and positioned in the manner you would like, you can then begin
the third step. The third step is to take a higher melt point
wax--we would recommend either the 4045 (141 F) or 5055 (152
F) wax--and pour between the candle and the mold. The 4045 and
5055 waxes are recommended for this application due to their
translucent nature. One important note is that wax in its "natural
state" is as translucent as you can get. Most additives are designed
to give the wax an opaque finish. The fourth and final step is
to remove the candle and level the bottom much the same way as
a standard pillar.
forward to covering how to make ice candles, sand candles and
many other specialty candles in the upcoming months. Make sure
you follow us throughout the year!
MAKING WHITE CANDLES WHITE
of the most common questions we receive on general candle making
is how to make a white candle. In the past, products such as
stearic acid, gloss polymers or even titanium dioxide were used
to make a candle white. Each of the mentioned products were good
for making the candle white and are still very good means for
doing so, but in some instances they do have some inherent problems.
For example, titanium can clog the wick and keep it from burning;
the gloss polymers can raise the melt point of the wax in containers;
and in some instances these products do not get the candle white
the candle maker in making a candle white, we have started manufacturing
a white color button. This is in coordination with our new line
of color buttons. This new white color button will color your
candle white when used with 10-15 pounds of wax. Like any dye,
this button should not be used in excess because it can also
affect the burning properties.
pleased to announce our new line of Color Buttons, which have
been developed using the latest manufacturing techniques. This
allows us to sell these new colorants at very competitive prices.
The new line offers new exciting colors such as white, navy blue,
purple, Christmas red and a new shade of yellow. To help candle
makers maintain consistency, we have matched the colors offered
in our Color Block products (the B series colors) where possible.
When the new Color Buttons are an exact color match to the Color
Block product, we note it by placing a * next to the name on
our web site. These new buttons are tea-light sized and are very
easy to use. If you are just starting out, looking to expand
your color selections or looking to save money, these new color
buttons may be just what you are looking for.
here for more information about our new
pouring my candles, I am getting uniform ripples across the top
of the candle, what can cause this?
instances when you are getting uniform ripples across the top
of a candle it is an indication that you have too much vybar
in the wax. This can be corrected easily by reducing the amount
of vybar added to your formula.
release necessary for molded candles and votives?
highly recommend that a mold release be sprayed before pouring
any type of molded candle. The frequency of spraying can vary
depending on the wax formula you use, amount of fragrance being
added and your pouring temperature. Other suggestions to help
with releasing the candle from the mold include: 1. use stearic
acid in your formula 2. use the additive "release wax" to your
formula 3. place the molded candles in a "chilled" area during
the final stage of cooling and 4. pour hotter so you get more
shrinkage, thus allowing the candle to release from the mold
do I finish off the bottom of my tapers?
offers two different base formers, which size the taper to fit
in the standard candle holders. The base formers are placed on
a heated surface and the taper is smoothly inserted. The
the bottom or can be formed to a
of various types of candles
3 x 3-1/2" -- .61 pounds
4 x 4-1/2" -- 1.5 pounds
Votive -- 1.5 ounces
6" x 6" -- 5 pounds
information can be used to assist in costing at certain type
of candles you are thinking of producing.
Once again we wish to thank all of our loyal customers and individuals who
take the time to read this newsletter. We hope you take the time to continue
to read this newsletter and pass it onto fellow candle makers.
you to visit our website in late December early
January for some of the following new products and pricing:
pricing on all candle gels
colors of our new color buttons
new line of candle chunks (Bulk Packed)
Holidays to all and we look forward to working with you in