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December 01, 2002

Chandler's Corner


"The En-Light-ener"
Candle Making Newsletter

Welcome to the En-light-ener, Candlewic's newsletter for the candle making community.

On behalf of the Candlewic Company we wish to thank everyone that visited our web site, placed an order with our Staff or sent us an email. We always appreciate hearing from our customers. We had a very exciting 2002 and can assure you that 2003 will be even more exciting. We have many new plans and efforts under way to assist you in working with our company.

In 2002 we introduced some extraordinary new products to the Candle market and plan on doing the same in 2003. The best way to stay informed about these products and projects is to read our En-Light-ner each month. For our new members, we do have all past copies posted on our website.


I wish to thank everyone who has sent me emails of encouragement on appointment to the position of Assistant for Candle Making Education (ASCME). My primary goal is to assist Candle Makers of all sizes in learning how to improve the way they make candles. If you look on our website, I have a very large selection to assist beginners to learn everything they need to know about candle making. However, I can also assist the larger manufacturer to improve in any area they desire.

One frequently asked question is: "How do I stop the candle from sweating but still get mottling in my candles?"

Getting a candle to mottle consistently without getting the scent to "bleed out" is a balance between using the correct amount of scent, the proper wax and how it can be improved with a wax additive. Our best recommendation would be to use the 4045H wax, about 4-5% fragrance, and about 1% Vybar 343 as the wax additive. For those not familiar Vybar 343, it is a recently introduced product that has been designed to assist in holding in the fragrance while still letting the mottling occur. Standard Vybar 103 and 260 were designed to eliminate the mottling. This new product has been very successful in this application.

I do encourage everyone to keep the questions coming. For those new to Candle Making I also encourage you to visit "My Section" which can be reached by clicking the link next to me on the Candlewic home page. One of my first items of business was to develop our Pillar Kit, which allows you to make pillars, votives, floaters and shapes. This kit is available at an introductory price of $27.95. This is a great resource for starting out if you want to try and determine what type of pillars or other shapes you wish to make.


As you are aware there is a large selection of types of molds to use when making candles. The materials to choose from include Aluminum, Silicon, Polyurethane, Tin and one of our favorites, Polycarbonate. In most instances each type of material has specific applications that work best in candle making. The aluminum molds are always good for standard size pillars such as 3 x 3½ round, square molds and octagons. The polyurethane molds have always been good for figurines such as bears, rabbits and fruit pieces.

Rapidly becoming one of the favorites among candle makers is the polycarbonate molds. These molds are available in a large assortment of unique geometrical shapes and sizes. Popular ones include the Pyramid, Pentagonal and the Ball molds.

These new and lightweight molds are very popular due to the nice and shiny finish you can achieve on your candle. Also they are lightweight, very durable and allow for easy release from the mold. Plus, no water bath is needed when using polycarbonate molds. Also, they are clear.

The differences you can get when pouring into clear Polycarbonate molds versus other materials can't be over emphasized. You can achieve a very nice sheen to any candle without having to provide a water bath. The finish and release is truly remarkable plus these molds are clear. The Candlewic Company continues to expand its selection of these molds. Some of the new shapes and sizes include a heart, a star and a maple leaf.

Brand new to the line is now an 15-hour votive cup. This new and exciting votive size candle mold is a must for anyone interested in offering a new product. This new votive cup can be used as a mold or as a finished candle holder. You can pour your wax into the mold, top off and you now have a finished candle ready for resale without taking it out of the mold. Think of all the time you can save and eliminate other packaging needs. You can now produce a candle that will look like an enlarged tea light.


December 2002

Making a
Snowball Candle

With the beginning of winter, a fun and easy project to undertake is the snowball candle. This candle can be made by pouring any size ball mold using a multipurpose wax such as the 4045H. The best ball molds to use would be either the DSM-14 mold for a small one and DSM-13 mold for a large ball. You would pour these like any pillar mold. When you remove the candle you apply whipped wax to the ball.

Whipping Wax Start with a 138/140 melt point wax (our 4045H works very well). Melt this wax in a small container where the temperature can be controlled easily, a crock-pot or small water jacket melter will work very well. Caution Note: Any container you use should also have a secure lid that can be placed on the melter.

Begin melting your wax. When it reaches 160 degrees F turn off the heat, watch the wax very closely. As the wax begins to cloud, whip the wax with a fork, eggbeater or mixer at a very slow speed. (Make sure you have permission to use the household mixer, using this mixer again for making cookies may be difficult.) The wax will begin to take on a "whipped" look. Be careful not to agitate harshly in that it may "dry" the wax and make it brittle. Caution Note: Safety Glasses should be worn when whipping the wax. Gloves should also be worn since your hands may come in direct contact with the wax.

For truly unique looks when the candle is burning, try pouring the ball in various colors and the whipped wax in white. Or pour the ball white and make the whipped wax another color. The possibilities are endless and the looks you will achieve are very appealing.

Candle Making as as Second Language
Scent Load - This term especially applies to candle making. In general it is the percentage of fragrance placed in the wax. Scent load can run anywhere from 1% percent up to and in some instances exceeding 10%. This translates to 1 ounce of scent to 1 pound of wax is a 5% scent load.

Burn Rate - The amount of wax that is consumed in 1 hour of burning with the specific wick. However, without some type of base the burn rate is difficult to evaluate.

Pre-Wick Assembly - Refers to a wick that is cut to a specific length, has a wax coating and metal base. These parts have made candle making in many instances much easier.



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