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June 01, 2003

Which Wick?


"The En-Light-ener"
Candle Making Newsletter

Welcome to the En-light-ener, Candlewic's newsletter for the candle making community.

As always, we thank everyone who has taken the time to read our En-Light-ener now in its third year of publication. During that time we have covered a wide range of topics and always encourage you to review these past issues. They are always full of informative and useful information. Looking for a new project? Check out the November 2001 issue where we show you how to make the ever-popular chunk candle or the March 2002 issue where we outline each of the gels. It doesn't matter if you are making paraffin candles, natural candles or gel candles, the En-Light-ener can be a great resource.

Which Wick?
Regardless of your level of experience in candle making, you still might ask, "Am I using the right wick?" Even veteran candle makers evaluate this question from time to time.

The candle's wick is the pipeline that feeds the melted wax vapor to the flame by capillary action.

The "performance" of the candle will be greatly influenced by your ability to select the proper wick for each type of candle that you make. The wick will influence the burn time of the candle, scent throw and "sooting" or smoking during the candle’s life. As we have stated many times, there is not one perfect wick that will work for each and every application. The right wick is dependent on many factors including the wax type, scent added, color, burn time, type of candle and even the maintenance.

When choosing a wick, there are some important criteria to follow. You should strive to achieve

  • a consistent flame size
  • a moderate temperature of the container
  • minimal or no blooming (carbon deposits)
  • a well-formed wax pool with no dripping
  • minimal glow after the candle has been extinguished

Candlewic offers many standard wick assemblies and broad selection of spooled wicking.

The issue any candle maker has is where to start when choosing the proper wick. In today’s marketplace the possibilities are endless and can be overwhelming at times. One of the most popular wicks for container and votive candles has been the zinc core wick. The zinc core has always offered rigidity in the "hot pour" process. But the down side is that zinc is very prone to mushrooming and carbon deposits. The zinc core can also be confused with the lead core wicks due to the metal in the middle of the wick. NOTE: There is ban on lead core wick in the United States.

When selecting alternatives to the zinc core, some popular choices include the RRD wicks (Round wicks), HTP wicks, LX and CD. In summary these wicks feature the following:

RRD--is a round directional wick with a cotton core and tension threads. It has been designed for optimal burn in solid-colored, scented votives and containers.
HTP--Are otherwise known as high-tension paper wicks. These wicks have a paper core wound into the wick to offer rigidity. These wicks are specially designed for use in votives and containers.
CD--Also have a paper core wound into the wick and are very well suited for votives and containers.
LX--is a flat braided wick with stabilized threats to help the wick "curl" during the burning process. These wicks will work in votives, containers and pillars.

Each type of wick brings something different to the candle in terms of performance. It must also be noted there are many other wicks that perform very well. The wicks in the list above have been featured since they are requested most often. Other wicks to consider include the TL Series, PK and even hemp wicks. The flat braided wicks have always been popular for pillars and tapers. The standard 24 Ply and 27 Ply have always been popular in 2-3" pillars.

Choosing the proper wick can be a daunting experience to even the most experienced candle makers. The expert staff at Candlewic is committed to assisting you in this selection process. Any time you place an order with Candlewic, you may request wick samples to assist you in selecting the proper wick for your application.

The Custom Wick Builder at makes it easy to get the exact wick you need for any type of candle production.



Hi! I'm Chandler!
I can help you
learn how to make candles.

One of my favorite job duties is searching out, testing and introducing new products to the Candle Making Community. One of the newest products that we have launched will help you center wicks in jars of any size and also will allow you to use a broader selection of wicks. The new, patented "Wick Stick" is good accessory to use when making containers of any size.

To use the Wick Stick, just use the following instructions:

  1. Pour your wax into the container and wait for it to get to 160 degrees F or until it begins to solidify on the bottom.
  2. Slide your pre-wick assembly into the tube of the Wick Stick and slide the tube into the container candle. It is very important to properly center the wick.
  3. With the wick assembly properly centered and still inside the tube, slide the rectangular "block" down until it is resting on top of the container, making sure once again that the wick is properly centered.
  4. Allow the candle to cool and shrink.
  5. Remove the wick stick and then top off the candle.

By using the Wick Stick, you can ensure the wick will not get pulled down as the wax shrinks. Also, the wick will always be centered and it reduces the need to use zinc core wicks. The important thing to realize is that if you are not topping off your candle, the Wick Stick will not work.

If used in the right process, the Wick Stick could be a tremendous asset to your candle production. We are offering this unique product at a low introductory price of $1.75 each. Right now, if you order 10 or more we will give you 1 free!

Wick Blowout Promotion Details!
With your order of $100 or more, you can order up to 7,500 custom or standard wick assemblies. The price will be adjusted to $10 per 1,000 after the sale. (The sale price will not be reflected in your shopping cart.)
Enter CDM06 in the promo code box at checkout.

June 2003

the Ordinary

A candle floating in the punch bowl, sink or small pools can make for a unique lighting effect in any area. Making a floater in the shape of a rose can make it extraordinary. The rose is also the "official flower" for June.

This candle can be made very easily using the M-22 Rose floater. You start by sliding unwaxed wick material through the bottom of the mold. You will need a "long pointed" object to force the wick through the hole. Once the wick is passed through the bottom of the mold, secure it on top of the mold with a wick bar. If you don’t have a wick bar, a popsicle stick will work.

Helpful Hint: Leave extra lengths of wick at the bottom of the mold so when you remove your candle from the mold, it will be automatically wicked for your next pour.

You then secure the mold together with rubber bands. Take your paraffin wax, CBL-141, which can be scented and/or colored and pour at around 180-185 degrees F. Top off the candle. When the candle has properly solidified, remove it from the mold. This floating candle will add a very nice accent to any party.

Extra Touch
Pour a number of these roses in red. After about 4 or 5 pours, pour one in white. The dye, which can accumulate on the mold, will "bleed" into the white wax and create a lovely pink color. Other flowers available in polyurethane molds for floaters include Daisy and Poinsettia.


Don’t Forget About Our Fragrances!

Floral Scents

Bakery Scents

Fresh Outdoor Scents

Fruit Scents

And Many, Many More!

Just go to our all-new Fragrances Section on our web site to find them all.

Recent favorites include:
Lemongrass Sage
Island Dream
Orange Ginger
Rain Forrest Blossom
Water Hyacinth
Lychee Flower
Water Ivy
Island Bouquet
Botanical Orchid


New Molds!
We recently added a new selection of Floater Molds and Designer Shaped Molds in our online catalog. These molds are the perfect solution when you want to make truly unique candles.
View All

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