Candles are used in many different settings including birthday parties, weddings and other
significant occasions. As the upcoming holidays approach, the interest and popularity will
continue to grow, peaking with the year end holidays.
The upcoming 6-8 weeks are very critical to candle makers of all sizes. This time
of year can be both fun and stressful now that your product is in demand. Since many
candle makers are not fully automated and are pouring candles after most people have gone
to bed, the question is always raised, “Is there a better way?” In some instances
there may be better ways to do some of the basic functions.
of the areas that can be problematic for many candle makers is keeping the wick centered
when pouring votives. This task can be simplified two ways. The first
is to utilize a votive pin (M-63-P). This unique product slides into the votive cup and
you pour your wax in. Then when the candle is completely hard, you slide the pin out and
slid a Pre-Wick Assembly into the cavity. An added feature of the pin is that it
allows you to widen your selection of wicks to include cotton, flat braided and most other
The second way to help ensure the wick is centered is to order the Pre-Wick Assembly with
the 33 mm base. This base fits perfectly into the bottom of the votive cup. This
will help keep your wick centered in the bottom. Be sure to keep this centered in the top
of the candle.
These pins are also available for use in pillars. The only difference is that you
will slide the pin into the pillar from the outside. When you remove the pillar
you simply take a waxed wick and slide it through the preformed wick hole. This
can eliminate the bottom of your molds from leaking.
Another similar piece of equipment is the Wick Stick, although this does have some limitation
to its use. The Wick Stick takes your Pre-Wick assembly and allows you to slide it
into the tube and place, into your jar candle and keeps the wick centered while your wax
cools. Before the wax completely hardens you pull the stick out. This product
cannot be used with Soy waxes and other waxes that you are not topping off.
One of the most first questions candle makers have to ask is, “How will I melt
my wax?” Depending on how many candles you need to make will determine what will
work best. In terms of heaters there are two distinct types of units: water jacketed
and direct heat. Each unit has its own particular strength and weakness.
•Can be plugged into
•Replacing heating element
is an easy process
•Available in larger sizes
•160#, 200#, 270# and 540#
•Can only heat product
up to 200°F
•Adequate water levels
must be maintained
valve is not heated
•Can melt wax a little faster
•Heats products above 220°F
•Heated ball valve
•Requires a hubble plug
to be installed
•Replacing heating element will
require professional assistance
•Draws more power than
One of the unique things about candle making is the smallest candle maker can make product
that in terms of quality can compete with any large manufacturer. The key with candle
making is always paying attention to the details.
One of the things that I always try to stress is the little things in candle making are
what makes the difference in producing a quality candle. It can be easy to recommend the
right wax, scent and direction in selecting the proper wick, but they mean nothing if proper
care is not taken when measuring all of the ingredients. When putting together your formula
everything should be calculated by weight. This is important so that consistent
results can be achieved. Teaspoons, cups and other measuring devices can yield different
weights on a heaping size versus an undersized. When working with effective additives such
as vybar even being off a small percentage can change how the candle performs. Also as
your batch sizes increase ensuring the weights go up proportionally can be difficult. Investing
in a small scale can pay dividends in your productions process especially if you are taking
your process from kitchen to a small scale operation.
HOT NEW FRAGRANCES FOR THE FALL HOLIDAYS
•SUGARED VANILLA SHORTBREAD
•CARMEL APPLE CIDER
•CREAMY VANILLA MINT
•FRESH SPRUCE GARLAND
•GINGER & FRANKINCENSE
Hard to believe!!
•Thanksgiving - 36
•Christmas - 68
•Hannukah - 59
•End of the Year - 75
Making Tipped Tapers
Beeswax (or Taper wax)
Color Squares (of your choice)
Large metal pot
Bend a metal coat hanger into a rectangle with hook centered at top, making sure
that the width and height will fit to dip entirely into your large, metal pot.
Tie lengths of wick vertically between the top and bottom of the frame. Make sure
to space the wicks a few inches apart, so that your candles will not touch as they
Place wax in a deep pot, such as our melting pot. Place in a pan of water and place
on the stove top. Melt the wax in this double boiler and keep the temperature of
the wax a steady 160°F (71°C). If the wax is too hot, it will not adhere
to your wicks. If the wax is too cool, the surface of your finished candle will be
If color is desired, add your color squares to the wax once it is completely melted. Make sure
the color squares have been dissolved before starting to dip the candles.
The dipped tapers are made easily by repeatedly dipping the wick in the wax. Start with dipping the frame
all the way down into wax in a slow smooth motion. Slowly pull frame straight up and cool for 3 or
4 minutes. Continue to dip, holding candles in the wax for about 3 seconds and cooling for 3 or 4 minutes
between each dip. It is important to move slowly, smoothly and to always dip to the same level. After
6 or 7 dips, you will have a candle about the size of a pencil.
As you dip, your frame will also fill up with wax. Periodically push this build-up
down the sides of the frame into the pot to re-melt.
Continue dipping until you have the candle diameter you desire. Please note that
the candle will automatically form into a rounded, taper shape when the candle is
dipped fully each time.
Using scissors, trim wick at the bottom of each candle. Suspend your frame and let
candles hang until completely cool. Then cut wicks at the top of the frame and level the bottom
of each candle in a warmed tin pan.
For more great projects like this one, please check out our Candle Basics Book (item BK-8) with
more than 50 great projects. You'll find it in the books
section of Candlewic.com.